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Past Faculty Awards

Use the filters below to find awards made to CSU faculty members by Program, Campus, Year or Keyword.

 

COAST Award Program

 

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AwardTitle
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
Abstract
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
collapse Year And Program : 2017-18 Rapid Response Program ‎(4)
  

​Verification of the vocalizations in ​Giant Sea B​​ass, Stereolepis gigas​

AllenLarryRapid Response Program2017-18

​​​​In his recently completed thesis, my former student, Brian Clark, reported on aspects of the reproductive behavior of Giant Sea Bass, Stereolepis gigas, which were successfully observed and described at Goat Harbor, Santa Catalina Island, CA from June 2014 to August 2015. This site was visited daily during the summer months, which is the assumed spawning season and aggregations were not present during the spring and fall months. As part of that study, we concluded that Giant Sea Bass (or Giants) produced booming sounds, which were often associated with aggressive behavior, but may also be associated with spawning activity. This booming sound was verified in the field as being produced by Giants with paired video and audio recordings on three occasions. These low frequency “booms” ranged from 50 to 80 Hz. In addition, “drum roll chorusing” sounds were recorded within the Giant Sea Bass aggregation site at two different frequencies, 250 Hz and 350 Hz. These sounds, coincided with peak activity (1900-2100 hrs.) of the Giants when the fish are moving about the water column rather than remaining stationary near the substratum. These “drum roll” vocalizations have not yet been linked directly to Giants, a fact that greatly limits our interpretation of their mating behavior. Simply put, the immediate goal of this proposal is to verify whether these sounds are produced by Giant Sea Bass.

Northridge$7,5002017-18 Rapid Response Program42
  

Emergency rescue, digitization and dissemination of the Peter Fischer marine geophysical data collection​​

BehlRichardFrancisRobertRapid Response Program2017-18

We propose to establish a digital community archive of acoustical and other data collected along the southern California coast. In May 2017, the CSU Long Beach Department of Geological Sciences acquired a large collection of marine geophysical and other data collected in the coastal zone from San Diego to Santa Maria from the 1970s to 2010. Due to current restrictions on seismic data collection in State offshore waters and cost/time considerations, it is highly unlikely that this voluminous data bank could ever be replicated in the future. Thousands of acoustical data records, large format maps, reports and other data currently occupy more than 100 ft2 of space and need to be digitized. The paper data and maps cannot be stored indefinitely and without digitization, these valuable data will be lost. This project will preserve, digitize, and make available these data in the form of a community archive that will be freely available to all interested scientists and the public. These data, especially when combined with other datasets, can be used to test and verify hypotheses of fault evolution, fault interaction during earthquakes, tsunami generation, and more that help refine coastal seismic hazard evaluations. The high-resolution acoustic images of sand packages can help in assessing models of sediment transport on beaches, coastal ecosystems, and other places. Our fully equipped computer lab with large-format chart scanners and GIS, 3D visualization and other data-logging software will be used to digitize the historical data. Students will participate in cataloging and digitization processes, which will introduce them to different types of geophysical data and the methods by which they are obtained. Students will observe maps of the California coastal zone, and become familiar with many of the geologic and geographic features. ​

Long BeachLong Beach$7,1012017-18 Rapid Response Program2642186
  

​The ecological impact of dredging in Morro Bay​​

ReeceJoshuaWeinmanBethWaseklovKateRapid Response Program2017-18

​Morro Bay is a small bay and estuary at the northern edge of California’s southern coast. It includes a manmade causeway that connects Morro Rock, a prominent volcanic feature in the region, with the small town (approximately 10,000 residents) of Morro Bay. The two largest industries in Morro Bay are ecotourism and fishing. Due to the manmade causeway, the entrance to Morro Bay requires minor dredging annually and major dredging every six to seven years. The most recent major dredging project began in December 2016 and ended February 28, 2017. The project moved 240,000 cubic yards of dredge spoil material to adjacent beach at the mouth of Morro Creek, ostensibly to nourish the beach. The PI observed this effluent during and after pumping and was extremely concerned about the consistency and quality of the dredge spoil and the impact of the beach nourishment project on local wildlife. This project was considered exempt from a formal environmental impact assessment by the Army Core and Engineers and no post-dredging monitoring was included in the project. We sampled sediments immediately at the end of the pumping period, and we propose 12 months of additional sampling post-nourishment. Our goals are to assess the impact of the nourishment on the beach in four dimensions: 1) invertebrate, 2) plant, and 3) bird biodiversity as well as 4) sediment characteristics and stratigraphy. Sediment quality will be compared to reference sites north and south of the nourishment area and will include grain size, bulk chemical analysis, and stratigraphy of beach sediments. Our sampling directly incorporates students into the research and seeks to make research products that can help local communities such as Morro Bay design optimal dredging and nourishment projects that minimize ecological impacts.​​​

FresnoFresnoFresno$7,5002017-18 Rapid Response Program27142483
  

​Post-wildfire vegetation recovery and sediment change of a coastal California watershed

KinoshitaAliciaRapid Response Program2017-18

​This research focuses on vegetation recovery and sediment processes in a southern California watershed after wildfire, which can impact coastal landforms, water quality, and estuarine habitats. There is a need to monitor significant natural events to understand the impact of sediment delivery on ocean coastline habitats and dynamics. Current approaches of estimating sediment do not include the effects of wildfire processes in steep coastal watersheds, and may result in inaccurate coastal sediment budgets. In light of changing climate and increased frequencies and magnitudes of wildfires, information that can improve traditional coastal sediment budgets is needed. Altered post-wildfire vegetation and sediment patterns following the 2013 Springs Fire in southern California were documented in Big Sycamore Canyon in water years (WY) 2013 and 2014. The variability in response highlights the importance of collecting reach-scale data to monitor vegetation and volume changes (deposition and erosion), which contributes sediment to downstream estuary and coastal areas. Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) provides high spatial and temporal resolution data and will document vegetation recovery and post-fire sediment deposition or erosion that occurred during the WY 2017 winter storms. This information will be lost during the onset of the WY 2018 storm season when sediment may become mobilized. This COAST Rapid will support LiDAR collection in Fall 2017 to quantify the total volume of channel material removed from the headwaters and transported to the estuary at the mouth of Big Sycamore Canyon. LiDAR will enhance our ability to document inter-relationships among vegetation re-growth that stabilizes sediment on hillslopes and sediment supply and facilitate initial coupling of vegetation and sediment interactions. The proposed project will strengthen existing and future endeavors with researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara and integrate research and education by involving students from San Diego State University.

San Diego75002017-18 Rapid Response Program2667
collapse Year And Program : 2017-18 Grant Development Program ‎(9)
  

​Remote forcing of seasonal currents in the California Current System

ConnollyThomasGrant Development Program2017-18
The California Current System (CCS) serves as a confluence of water masses with diverse physical and biogeochemical characteristics, representing a broad range of sources throughout the Pacific Ocean. Although a great deal of past research has been devoted to characterizing this part of the ocean, the physical mechanisms that drive seasonal currents remain elusive. For example, multiple theories have been proposed for the generation of poleward currents that flow opposite to the direction of the prevailing wind. The roles of different physical processes that transmit coastal energy to offshore regions are also unknown. This study investigates the theory that remote winds as far away as the equator drive seasonal variability in the CCS, both near the coast and far offshore.

The goal of this study is to conduct a synthesis of existing long-term data sets to 1) detect evidence of remote forcing at seasonal time scales in the CCS, 2) identify key sites where the remote forcing process is interrupted, and 3) create an experimental design for a focused process study in the field. Historically, a full mechanistic understanding of seasonal dynamics in the CCS has been limited the lack of high-resolution, long-term observations over large distances. In the modern era of oceanography, a network of ocean observing systems provides an opportunity to overcome these challenges, while providing context for process-oriented field studies. This project, and future research that builds on it, will use measurements from multiple observing platforms, including autonomous underwater gliders which resolve a ranger of spatial scales over the course of long-duration missions. The work will benefit COAST by providing training opportunities for CSU students in advanced oceanographic instrumentation, ocean observing system cyber-infrastructure and the analysis of large, complex data sets.​
San José19,7522017-18 Grant Development Program2668
  

UCEs for CSUs: A metazoan target-capture panel of ultraconserved elements for use in seascape genetics

CrandallEricGrant Development Program2017-18

​California’s groundbreaking network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) was designed to conserve habitats and communities of the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem by providing stepping-stones of protected habitat that are assumed to be connected, for most species, by planktonically dispersing larvae. However, although there has been much research effort invested in monitoring nearly every aspect of individual MPAs, there are currently no existing initiatives to evaluate the realized connectivity of the network. Seascape genetic methods promise to provide such an evaluation, yet have fallen short in the past due to theoretical issues surrounding large population sizes and high genetic diversity in marine populations, as well as practical challenges such as genetic marker development and coordinated multi-species sampling effort. The proposed project seeks to address these issues by developing a “universal” panel of genetic markers anchored at genomic elements that are conserved across the diversity of animal phyla (ultraconserved elements; UCEs). A panel of such markers would be broadly useful for phylogenetic and population genetic studies, allow easy comparison across species, and would facilitate undergraduate research due to their relative ease of use and broad applicability. UCEs would also lend themselves nicely to analysis with a family of population genetic methods called coalescent models, which I have shown to be more powerful for evaluating marine population structure than traditional methods based on summary statistics. The UCE panel together with the preliminary data and analysis that result from this work will be used in multi-CSU campus proposals to NSF and California Sea Grant that would combine biophysical modeling of larval dispersal with coalescent modeling to test the hypothesis that California’s MPAs contain distinct ecological populations that are connected by direct dispersal of larvae.​

Monterey Bay19,9772017-18 Grant Development Program2736
  

​Evaluating genetic responses to fishery selection in two Southern California fishes

JohnsonDarrenGrant Development Program2017-18
​Fishing is one of the main ways in which humans have altered coastal ecosystems. In addition to removing biomass, it is suspected that fishing may cause rapid evolution in fished populations. Although it is easy to envision fishing as a source of Darwinian selection, we need firm evidence of genetic changes in fished populations. We also need to know how quickly gene frequencies can change in response to fishing.

This project seeks funding to search for genetic markers associated with boldness and aggression – two behavioral traits that are expected to be major targets of fishery selection. Recent advances in restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq) have made it cost effective to identify thousands of variable markers at loci interspersed throughout the genome. I will use RADseq and laboratory assays of behavior to look for genetic markers associated with boldness and aggressiveness in both kelp bass – a predatory fish that is the target of a large recreational fishery in Southern California – and black surfperch – a representative prey species. Much behavioral variation exists among individuals of our study species, and our previous work suggests that heritable variation in behavior exists for black surfperch (and is likely for other fishes too).

This work will form the basis for a larger proposal to the National Science Foundation. Once we have identified a set of genetic markers associated with behavior, we will propose a study that tests for fishery-induced evolution by examining how the allele frequencies of these markers change over time (by comparing frequencies in old vs. young fish) and along a spatial gradient of fishing pressure. By measuring how quickly fishing can change the genetic and phenotypic composition of populations, we will be able to anticipate changes in the functioning of fish populations and we will be able to manage coastal ecosystems more effectively.​
Long Beach12,2452017-18 Grant Development Program2577
  

Preliminary data for an NSF-DEB collaborative proposal: using phylogenomics to resolve the evolutionary origin of air-breathing molluscs

KrugPatrickValdésÁngelEernisseDouglasGrant Development Program2017-18

​Aside from insects, air-breathing snails and slugs (pulmonates) comprise the most species-rich radiation of animals that evolved from a marine ancestor. However, the events and trait changes leading to this explosive diversification of >30,000 species remain unclear; neither studies using handfuls of genes from hundreds of species, nor hundreds of genes from handfuls of species, have resolved the evolutionary branching at the base of the pulmonates. We will collect preliminary genomic data to support an NSF-DEB pre-proposal, demonstrating we have the samples needed, and can collect the necessary data, to resolve this evolutionary puzzle. Our team combines experts funded by NSF-DEB who study Sacoglossa, photosynthetic sea slugs (Krug and Valdes), and Siphonarioidea, false limpets (Eernisse); one (or both together) likely comprises the sister group of pulmonates, but which one remains unclear. Moreover, our work has shown that deep evolutionary relationships within Sacoglossa and Siphonarioidea require genomic data to resolve, and many species remain to be described. We propose to use cutting-edge exon-capture techniques and next-generation DNA sequencing to generate five transcriptomes, and then to obtain sequences for 500 nuclear genes from ethanol-preserved tissues of 10 sacoglossan and two siphonariid genera. This will demonstrate (i) that we can generate and analyze phylogenomic data, and (ii) that combined with existing pulmonate sequences, our project will resolve relationships across this critical gastropod radiation. These data will support a full NSF proposal requesting support to sequence the remaining 24 sacoglossan and 2 siphonariid genus-level lineages plus outgroups. COAST funds ($20,000) will support generating and analyzing DNA sequence data, with a pre-proposal submitted to NSF-DEB by Jan 23, 2018. Our project will address major goals of DEB by (1) clarifying the evolutionary origins of Pulmonata and its key traits, (2) providing new systematic frameworks for Sacoglossa and Siphonarioidea, and (3) describing over 50 new species. ​

Los AngelesPomonaFullerton20,0002017-18 Grant Development Program206190176
  
Development of novel polymer-based processes for water separation and energy recovery​
LiMinghengGrant Development Program2017-18
This proposal aims to investigate hydrogels and stimuli responsive polymers for water separation and energy recovery. It will use the knowledge developed by chemists, material scientists, and chemical engineers to answer fundamental and applied research questions on the integration of hydrogels in advanced water treatment, desalination and energy recovery utilizing an environmental engineering approach. Specifically, the proposal will take the current state of the art in hydrogel materials and engineer a device and a process for desalination and energy recovery. The process will include consideration to minimize energy expenditure and maximize resource recovery.

The proposed research has the potential to disrupt the desalination and CO2 recovery industry by developing two novel processes centered on stimuli responsive hydrogels. This research will distinguish itself from previous experimental and theoretical stimuli responsive hydrogel studies in several ways. For the first time, an integrated approach to coordinately develop a research platform from material to process will be developed. This project will also explore the system-scale integration, using techno-economic parameters. This project will fund research positions for several undergraduate students.
Pomona12,3902017-18 Grant Development Program2741
  

​Chemical tracers of human activities and ecological associations in California vernal pools

Miller-SchulzeJustinKneitelJamieGrant Development Program2017-18

​The effects of anthropogenic activities, such as pollutants, on water quality are important to assess because they can have extensive effects on human and ecosystem health. Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) are a broad class of compounds that include pharmaceuticals, personal care products, illicit drugs, herbicides and pesticides. Their “emerging concern” is indicated by the fact that measurements are being made but they are not currently regulated. Many freshwater ecosystems in California, such as wetlands, have not been assessed for CECs and its association with ecosystem health. Our proposal will address this gap by quantifying CECs in California vernal pools under different land use practices. Vernal pools are seasonal wetlands or ponds that support numerous endangered and threatened species. Vernal pools represent greatly reduced habitat (< 10% remain), and this remaining habitat is found in a matrix of urban and agricultural development. Consequently, vernal pools may be especially susceptible as a recipient of CECs. In addition, vernal pools represent the upper watershed of the Central Valley and the Sacramento River, and as such are hydrologically connected to the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta and San Francisco Bay. Assessing the relevant sources of water quality impact on vernal pool ecosystems through CEC measurement will also allow assessment of the relevance of specific sources on coastal ecosystem health due to this hydrological connection. The research proposed by PIs Miller-Schulze and Kneitel will be focused on collecting preliminary data on CEC concentrations and associate them with local land use, vernal pool size characteristics, water physico-chemistry (e.g., phosphates, nitrates, conductivity), and aquatic invertebrate and plant density and diversity. This will be the basis for developing competitive research proposal for the National Science Foundation. Graduate and undergraduate students from Departments of Chemistry and Biological Sciences will be included in this research, interact collaboratively, and disseminate results.​

SacramentoSacramento17,6312017-18 Grant Development Program26431744
  

​Contaminant-selective sponges for removal of ocean toxins

SoMonicaLiuYangyangGrant Development Program2017-18

​Seawater contaminated with high levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) poses an alarming threat to the health of humans and marine mammals. Endocrine disrupting chemicals (e.g. bisphenol A) and carcinogens (e.g. dyes and phthalic acids) are typical POPs that must be removed from seawater. One approach for removal of POPs from water involves using an adsorbent to soak up and remove pollutants. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) offer a “sponge-like” platform for seawater remediation, since they are structurally and chemically diverse and highly porous materials that are constructed from metal nodes bridged by organic ligands. However, no experimental studies have investigated the adsorption mechanisms of POPs within MOF membranes. This is critical to improving selectivity of POPs for seawater remediation. In this project, we propose to (a) monitor the effects of varying the metal cations on acid-base interactions, (b) change the functional groups on organic ligands and observe resulting hydrogen bonding interactions, and (c) vary the chemical functionality as a function of layers on chemical adsorption. Specifically, we will: (1) use a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) to monitor the growth of MOFs; (2) probe film composition, morphology, crystallinity, and thickness using energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, surface/cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy, and grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction; and (3) collect QCM data to probe chemical adsorption properties. If successful, this work will elucidate the mechanisms of adsorption in MOFs, and provide insight into some structure-property relations that are important for chemical adsorption in MOF membranes. Importantly, this work will elucidate design criteria for MOF “sponges” for removal of POPs, such as endocrine disrupting chemicals and carcinogens, from seawater.​

ChicoLos Angeles19,0302017-18 Grant Development Program27322746
  

​Mapping social modifications to the natural estuarine environment in Alamitos Bay, Southern California

SullivanKathleenWhitcraftChristineGrant Development Program2017-18

​We are requesting funds to support the development of a USC Sea Grant grant proposal seeking funds to develop a prototype GIS geospatial visualization learning tool demonstrating the ways in which human construction and development have altered Alamitos Bay, Long Beach, California, through time. USC Sea Grant has expressed interest in our grant application to their program. The first step in this process entails the organization and preliminary analysis of historic land use data for Alamitos Bay, identification of temporal and spatial data gaps, and assessment of the utility of historic aerial photographs. Alamitos Bay is a significant urban, permanently open mouth estuarine system evincing a wide range of urban human uses. Our long term goal is to expand the prototype to include other estuaries in the network of estuaries integral to the southern California Bight. Using COAST funds, we will: 1) Remunerate two CSULA graduate students to help organize and assess the existing collection of historic maps and photographs already assembled by Sullivan’s undergraduate methods classes; 2) Building on #1, develop and submit a proposal to USC Sea Grant for funds to create a prototype visualization geospatial learning tool. Our COAST GDP application is an interdisciplinary (anthropology and marine biology) collaboration between faculty from CSULA and CSULB, and our larger grant effort will expand that collaboration by including scientists from Southern California Water Resources Project (SCWRP), strengthening both the interdisciplinary aspect and GIS expertise of the project. Our project is original in that it organically integrates estuary science and social science, emphasizes the temporal dimensions of spatial change, emphasizes urbanization, and utilizes geospatial visualization modeling as the basis of a digital learning tool. The content and methodology of our learning tool will set it apart as unique among an emerging catalog of digital environmental applications.

Los AngelesLong Beach18,5062017-18 Grant Development Program2364102
  

​Proteomic response of the mussel Mytilus californianus to warm water discharge from Diablo Nuclear Power Plant: a "crystal ball" into future climate warming effects

VasquezMaria ChristinaGrant Development Program2017-18

​Along the California coast, seawater is warming because of climate change, El Niño events and unusual “warm blobs.” It is imperative that we understand physiological responses of marine organisms to ocean warming to predict robustness and resilience of mussels in aquaculture, range shifts, survival, and evolutionary selection and local adaptation. The PG&E Diablo Nuclear Power Plant discharge area (DC) provides the opportunity to study future climate change effects on marine organisms by having a habitat where a warmer seawater gradient (up to 10-11°C higher than ambient) has existed for 30 years. A novel tool for studying environmental effects on marine physiology is proteomics, which is the study of global protein changes in an organism. Proteins act as the biochemical machinery functioning in an organism’s response to changing environments and allow us to assess the potential for adaptation to stressful conditions. We propose investigating proteomic responses of the marine intertidal mussel Mytilus californianus to warm and control seawater conditions. We hypothesize that mussels collected along the thermal gradient at DC will show increased abundance of key stress response proteins (heat shock proteins, proteases, antioxidants) in comparison to mussels collected from control sites. Our proposed work will provide vital information for coastal management and policy, while also advancing our knowledge of climate warming impacts on marine systems, which are priorities of CSU COAST. Our work will create research opportunities for two undergraduate assistants who will learn cutting-edge molecular biology techniques, be listed as co-authors on scientific publications, and present their work at national conferences. In total, we are requesting $16,164.00 from COAST to complete our proposed work and anticipate a completion date of August 2018 with submission to extramural funding from the National Sciences Foundation in 2019.

San Luis Obispo16,1642017-18 Grant Development Program2744
collapse Year And Program : 2016-17 Short Course, Workshop and Symposia Funding Program ‎(1)
  

Development of a Sustainability Index for California’s Beaches: A Workshop

PatschKierstenKingPhilipShort Course, Workshop and Symposia Funding Program2016-17

​This COAST grant will facilitate a two-day workshop, sponsored by CSU Channel Islands, with the goal of constructing a Beach Sustainability Index (BSI), an objectively derived quantitative score based on readily available data or standardized observation. The BSI will accommodate the varying taxonomy of beach habitats across coastlines. We will bring together researchers, NGOs and stakeholders involved with policy/management to discuss how coastal ecosystem functions goods and services can be assessed/evaluated.​

Channel IslandsSan Francisco10,0002016-17 Short Course, Workshop and Symposia Funding Program27072257
collapse Year And Program : 2016-17 Rapid Response Program ‎(4)
  

​Establishing the age class and health status of fall congregations of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the coastal waters of Central California and the Santa Barbara Channel, using aerial photogrammetry

CartwrightRachel GillespieBlake Rapid Response Program2016-17

​The highly productive waters of the Central California coastline and the Santa Barbara Channel serve as a key feeding ground for humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) of the Eastern North Pacific. Essentially, the region represents the southern-most extent of their feeding range along the western seaboard; typically, humpback whales feed in the region from early spring through late fall. Foraging opportunities during the fall may be particularly important, potentially representing a final opportunity for whales to build up energy reserves prior to migration to nutrient-impoverished breeding regions. In this study, we will compile surface photography and use a small UAV to gather aerial imagery of these fall aggregations of humpback whales. Surface photography will be used to identify whales, through the comparison of fluke markings to known fluke ID catalogues. Aerial images will be used to determine body morphometrics, establish age class and assess body condition in the individuals that make up these seasonal groups. As this population is currently under consideration for down-listing, potentially leading to loss of their protected status, this new information will provide timely, baseline details for use in future health assessments. Furthermore, as body condition potentially influences migratory behavior, detecting and describing body condition and associated health status of whales within this spatial and temporal window, immediately preceding their departure for the breeding grounds, may also inform our understanding of recently reported basin-wide anomalies in humpback whale migratory behavior during the 2016 El Nino event. 

Channel IslandsChannel Islands$7,4002016-17 Rapid Response Program2083173
  
​Long term changes in soft coral communities on shallow coral reefs
EdmundsPeterRapid Response Program2016-17

​This proposal seeks Rapid Response funding for the 2017 sampling of a time-series analysis describing soft corals on shallow reefs in St. John, US Virgin Islands. The intellectual merit of the project lie in addressing how coral reefs will change in the future, but rather than focusing on the extensively-studied topic of the death of stony corals, it focuses on soft corals that are replacing stony corals in this location. My ongoing work provides a unique opportunity to describe this transition, as my students and I have been studying stony corals in St. John for 30 y. Recently we have analyzed 25 y of photographs to describe a gradual regime change in community structure favoring soft corals over stony corals. A limitation of this analysis is that soft corals cannot be identified to species in photographs, and with NSF support in 2014, we started in-water analysis to identify soft corals to species. At the end of the soft coral grant (May 2017) we have 3 y of data with which trends can be described, but the time series remains too sparse for rigorous analyses. An application for renewal to NSF recently was declined, and with the next submission due in August 2017 (for research in 2018), there is an urgent need to support 2017 surveys to maintain the integrity of the time-series, and test the hypothesis that soft corals communities are differentially changing relative to stony corals. This COAST proposal requests $7,500 that will be used for graduate support to conduct a 1-month fieldtrip to St. John, analyze data at CSUN, maintain competitiveness for NSF support, and promote graduate research leading to the MS degree. A grant submission for ~$500k will be submitted to NSF concurrent with the fieldwork supported by this application.​

Northridge$7,5002016-17 Rapid Response Program2649
  

​The current and potential distribution of an invasive annelid in central and southern California​​​

PernetBruno Rapid Response Program2016-17
The serpulid worm Ficopomatus enigmaticus, native to the Indian Ocean, has been present in San Francisco Bay since the 1920s, but has been discovered in other parts of central and southern California only in the past three years. Thus it appears that after many years of being restricted to San Francisco Bay, this species has started to spread on the California coast. Because this species makes large reefs of calcium carbonate, it can have dramatic negative effects on native species, and can also cause considerable economic harm as a fouling species. Knowledge of the distribution of this species in California is very incomplete. Our objectives are a) to survey the intertidal zone at ~80 sites in central and southern California to determine the current distribution of this species in the region, and b) to use these data in species distribution models to predict where populations of this species are likely to become established in the region in the future. COAST Rapid Response funding will be used to pay for the costs of two field surveys, in summer 2017 and winter 2018; species distribution modeling will be carried out after these surveys are carried out. Surveys like those proposed here are essential to document the distribution of this species at an early timepoint in the invasion. If the species spreads further in the state, survey data will be critically important in reconstructing invasion history. Species distribution model predictions will be extremely useful to habitat managers to guide their allocation of monitoring effort. In addition to generating research results of immediate utility, the project will result in one graduate student being trained in species distribution modeling, a widely used method in conservation biology.
Long Beach$5,2622016-17 Rapid Response Program125
  
​A river flowing from the sea: the effects of atmospheric rivers on U.S. West Coast oyster populations
ZacherlDanielleFernerMattRapid Response Program2016-17
​We will explore whether the recent Atmospheric River events ​impacting coastal California have a measurable effect on the mortality and reproductive success of Olympia oysters via lowering seawater salinity to levels intolerable to oysters. Viability of the Olympia oyster, the U.S. West Coast’s only native oyster species, is critical for the success of escalating restoration efforts. From spring to fall 2017, we will collect salinity data and conduct population surveys and recruitment assays in estuaries from San Francisco to San Diego Bay. We will test for mortality and reduced recruitment following this extremely wet winter by combining our survey results with available publically-accessible databases on rainfall and freshwater flow into estuaries, as well as already-deployed in situ salinity loggers. We will also deploy Hobo conductivity/salinity loggers and sondes in strategic locations for an emerging long-term project aimed at measuring oyster response to Atmospheric River events across a large swath of the species’ geographic range. COAST funds will directly support field research activities and will help initiate collaboration between faculty, technicians, and students at two California State schools, UC Davis, the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, and NOAA’s National Estuarine Research Reserves, and will support student training in experimental design, field survey techniques, statistics and communication of research. Additionally, we propose to use the results of this study as critical pilot data in a National Science Foundation proposal to explore oyster responses to atmospheric-level events that are projected to increase in intensity and frequency with climate change. This project promotes sustainable management of a valuable coastal resource, Olympia oysters, by identifying areas where oysters are particularly susceptible or resilient to AR events, thus guiding conservation and restoration efforts to target sites that maximize resilience of local populations. This is especially important because Olympia oysters are a target species for Living Shoreline Initiatives.
FullertonSan Francisco$7,5002016-17 Rapid Response Program17012421
collapse Year And Program : 2016-17 Grant Development Program ‎(7)
  
A field test of the interactive effects of ocean acidification and thermal stress on predator-prey dynamics in the rocky intertidal zone
BourdeauPaulAllenBengtGrant Development Program2016-17
Recent increases in atmospheric CO2 have led to increased global temperatures and reduced seawater pH, so-called ocean acidification (OA). Further changes in temperature and pH over the next century are expected to have dramatic effects on population dynamics, species interactions, and the structure of ecological communities; especially for calcifying marine organisms. Currently, we lack a framework for understanding the relative magnitudes of these effects or their interactions, especially given high variation in species’ responses to these stressors. Predicting their effects on community structure will require the development of realistic models of organismal responses to these stressors based on experiments done in natural systems. Our proposal addresses these challenges, taking advantage of natural environmental variation to test the independent and interactive effects of temperature stress and acidification on rocky intertidal communities. Intense seasonal upwelling can bathe intertidal areas in northern California with acidified waters for extended periods of time. We will assess the effects of upwelling-driven acidification and thermal stress on key calcifying rocky shore predators and prey (mussels, whelks, and crabs) along a 720 km section of northern California coast that varies in its exposure to upwelling events. By explicitly partitioning effects among acidification, temperature, and their interaction in the context of predator-prey dynamics, our study will advance our understanding of the potential for synergistic effects of multiple stressors to determine community structure and function on rocky shores. We will also be able to assess the degree to which resource availability influences organismal ability to physiologically mitigate costs of temperature and pH stress. Preliminary data suggest that resource subsidies associated with upwelling events may overwhelm negative environmental effects predicted from laboratory studies. Data generated by this project will form the basis of a subsequent research proposal to the National Science Foundation.
HumboldtLong Beach$20,0002016-17 Grant Development Program2622145
  
The marine biogeochemistry of iodine: the role of marine algae
CarranoCarlGrant Development Program2016-17
This project seeks to determine the role of biological processes involving marine algae as factors controlling iodine speciation in coastal seawater. The marine biogeochemistry of the trace element iodine is not well understood but has important implications in a variety of areas including human nutrition and disease, global and regional climatic effects, and the environment. Specific aims include the following: 1) To investigate the hypothesis that macroalgae such as the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera affect seawater iodine speciation through direct metabolism (i.e. uptake) of iodate. 2) To investigate the hypothesis that there is a connection between halogen (iodine) and iron metabolism in Macrocystis. Specifically to determine, at high resolution using synchrotron X-ray based spectroscopic methods, a) where both Iodine and iron are localized in Macrocystis cells b) to determine the exact chemical nature of the phase in which they are stored and c) the effect of iron on climatically significant iodine emissions. 3) To test the hypothesis that seawater iodine speciation can also be affected by marine microalgae as the result of leakage of sulfur containing reducing agents accompanying marine phytoplankton cell senescence, e.g., glutathione, cysteine, etc.
San Diego$17,9042016-17 Grant Development Program150
  
Immunity in the face of wasting disease: sea star candidate gene variation among clades and population​​s of Leptasterias spp.
CohenC. SarahGrant Development Program2016-17
Climate change predictions include an increase in the severity and incidence of disease. A recent die off of sea stars on the west Pacific coast is unprecedented in the geographic breadth of the impacted area and largely unexplained in cause. Variation in host immune response is an important aspect of epidemics, but sea star immunity is nearly unknown. Very recently, new genomics resources have become available allowing us to undertake bioinformatic discovery of candidate loci for use in analyzing the impact of strong disease selection across closely related species and a suite of loosely linked populations. We aim to take advantage of recently developed genomic resources in asteroid taxa including Leptasterias spp. that show microhabitat partitioning and differences in disease susceptibility to 1) survey genes of interest related to immunity and environmental stress; 2) compare variation in these loci within and between populations and species across gradients of disease incidence; 3) using this comparative data, test for signals of selection in DNA sequence data using codon based models of selection, tests for positively selected sites, and evidence of hard and soft selective sweeps. The project will support an SFSU graduate student who will be mentored by the PI in all phases of ecological genetic research from the field sites to molecular genetics benchwork and data analysis to the presentation of data in talks, posters, manuscripts, and grant proposals. Additional students will participate as research interns and trainees, and in classroom exercises associated with this project and developed in a Center for Computing in Life Sciences SFSU award. The project focus on applying the latest bioinformatic tests for detecting signatures of selection in candidate locus sequence data will provide excellent training in advanced techniques for studying environmental health in coastal and other habitats.
San Francisco$15,0002016-17 Grant Development Program155
  
Behavioral and neurophysiological responses of marine invertebrates exposed to synergistically-acting chronic and acute stress
CrookRobynStillmanJonathonGrant Development Program2016-17
Increasingly, anthropogenic ocean warming is a significant source of stress for coastal species. Despite extensive experimental work on the physiological effects of anthropogenic environmental stress (such as elevated ocean temperature and reduced pH), relatively few studies consider effects of interacting stressors. Fewer still have examined interactions between naturally-occurring stressors and novel, anthropogenic stressors. Here we examine how a relatively recent anthropogenic stressor - elevated ocean temperature - interacts with a naturally occurring stressor- physical injury. We will use two food-web-linked, coastal Californian species, the two-spot octopus (Octopus bimaculoides), and the porcelain crab, (Petrolisthes cinctipes), to measure the effects of these interacting stressors on sensory physiology, which has wide-ranging effects on anti-predator, foraging and mating behaviors. After a two-week chronic exposure to experimentally elevated water temperature, we will measure behavioral responses to graded mechanical stimuli applied to animals’ bodies. In parallel neurophysiological experiments, we will record sensory neuron responses to peripheral mechanical stimulation. To test the synergistic effect of thermal and injury stress, in a subset of chronically thermally-stressed animals we will give a minor peripheral injury the tip of one limb. After 24 hours, we will compare behavioral responses to mechanical stimuli among control animals, warmed animals and warmed-injured animals. Previous studies on un-warmed, injured animals will provide comparison data. Neurophysiological experiments will also be conducted at 24 h post-injury. One week later, a final behavioral test and neurophysiology experiment will be conducted to measure lasting effects. This study will provide important new information about the resilience of two coastal Californian species to emerging sources of environmental stress, when it is combined with other commonly-occurring insults. This study will reveal how these combined stressors may act synergistically to affect sensory physiology, which will aid in developing effective management and conservation strategies in response to environmental change.
San FranciscoSan Francisco$19,5592016-17 Grant Development Program2676154
  
The Eel Point project: re-evaluating a trans-Holocene record of human-coastal interactions
GusickAmyPerryJenniferGrant Development Program2016-17
Recent archaeological and genetic evidence supports the hypothesis that the earliest human colonists of the Americas migrated here during the Pleistocene via a coastal route along the North Pacific rim. Located on the northern Channel Islands are some of the oldest human remains and archaeological sites in North America. Comparable evidence likely exists on the southern Channel Islands but has yet to be definitively identified. One archaeological site that has the potential to produce this evidence is Eel Point on San Clemente Island. Previous research at the site revealed a chronology of human occupation from ~ 9,000 to 1,000 years ago. Its trans-Holocene deposits contain some of the oldest evidence of house structures in California, documented changes in subsistence economy including the introduction of shell fishhooks, and evidence of climatic fluctuations and environmental variability. Despite Eel Point’s significance, a shift in the Navy’s management of the island resulted in the cessation of academic research there for more than a decade. However, a new era is providing renewed opportunities on San Clemente Island to address important anthropological questions relating to human-coastal interactions. We propose to revisit Eel Point to refine the site’s chronology, including determining whether it has deposits dating prior to 9,000 years ago, and to evaluate changes in subsistence and mobility through time. Over the course of three trips we intend to conduct reconnaissance and limited subsurface testing to obtain archaeofaunal and botanical remains and samples for radiocarbon dating. The results from this work would provide the basis for applying for a large research grant to conduct a full-scale excavation at Eel Point. This research may inform us about initial human colonization and, by using a historical ecological approach, it will provide insights into the dynamic relationships between people, island environments, and climate change through time.
San BernardinoChannel Islands$19,8382016-17 Grant Development Program26872514
  
Gradients in metabolic performance across the intertidal zone: a comparative analysis of mussels and barnacles
HardyKristinZippayMackenzieGrant Development Program2016-17
Intertidal organisms live in one of the most environmentally stressful habitats on the planet, and daily fluctuations they experience in abiotic factors (e.g., temperature, oxygen, salinity, pH) are predicted to intensify as our global climate continues to change. Elevated temperature and oxygen limitation are two dominant stressors associated with periodic air emersion in the littoral zone; both of which have substantial direct effects on metabolism in ectotherms. In the proposed study, we aim to profile the ‘metabolic phenotype’ of adult mussels (Mytilus californianus) and acorn barnacles (Balanus glandula) from different intertidal zones (low, mid, high). We define metabolic phenotype as the individual’s baseline metabolic performance, and will characterize this parameter with a comprehensive suite of biochemical (e.g., citrate synthase and lactate dehydrogenase activity, [lactate]), physiological (VO2, aerobic scope, Pcrit, cardiac output) and behavioral (e.g., feeding rate) indices of metabolism. We hypothesize that there will be predictable gradients in metabolic performance across the tidal zone directly resulting from environmental variation. Further, these gradients may differ between mussels and barnacles owing to relative differences in their gas exchange ability during emersion (low and high, respectively). With more considerable funding in the future we hope also to identify differences in the 1) capacity for phenotypic plasticity (acclimation) and 2) genotype of mussels or barnacles across the vertical zonation. The proposed project has inherent value in its potential to identify physiological responses to emersion and climate-driven environmental variation, as well as document tidal position-dependent patterns in metabolic phenotype and capacity for plasticity that can be quantitatively integrated into predictive models of population persistence during climate change.
San Luis ObispoSonoma$20,0002016-17 Grant Development Program24542660
  
Are San Diego’s coastal and shelf seas carbon sources or sinks? Measuring direct air-sea CO2 exchange through time and space
OechelWalterGoodrichJordanGrant Development Program2016-17
We know that continental margins and coastal seas may represent up to 30% of the global oceanic carbon uptake despite covering a very small proportion of the oceanic extent. However, the complexities of the near-shore carbon system present challenges in understand the drivers of variability in air-sea CO2 exchange through time and space. For example, sea grass and kelp bed areas may draw down CO2 through primary production and lead to long-term storage of carbon, while changes in daily and seasonal air temperatures determine the potential ocean CO2 saturation. Therefore physical constraints may compete with marine biological uptake. Our proposed work would allow for the direct measurement of air-sea CO2 exchange using the eddy covariance technique on a mobile boat-based platform to link with long-term measurements from Scripps Pier in La Jolla. This boat-based CO2 exchange measurement system will also include automated measurements of the near-surface marine environment (pCO2, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and temperature) in order to determine the drivers of variability in the air-sea flux. Toward development of a full proposal for extramural funding from NSF, we will re-establish and improve upon a previously deployed boat-based system and operate several test ‘cruises’ from the La Jolla and Point Loma kelp beds toward the coastal margins. These test runs will allow us to refine our sampling system and develop permanent transects to be sampled regularly over time. These measurements will provide both the spatial and temporal scale necessary to develop empirical relationships between the air-sea CO2 fluxes and the physical and environment that controls them. We feel that these direct measurements of air-sea CO2 exchange will be critical in filling the gap in knowledge and data concerning the controls on near-coastal and continental margin carbon sink strength and reduce the large uncertainties associated with estimates of near-coastal ocean carbon uptake.
San DiegoSan Diego$19,9552016-17 Grant Development Program26932688
collapse Year And Program : 2015-16 Rapid Response Program ‎(8)
  
Evaluating potential cascading impacts of sea star wasting disease on top-down grazer regulation in kelp forests
AndersonToddRapid Response Program2015-16
Characterizing “top-down” grazing regulation has been a major focus of research on subtidal rocky reefs, and as coastal predator assemblages are increasingly altered by anthropogenic stressors, identifying essential components of top-down regulation is necessary to effectively inform management strategies. Yet experimental evaluations of subtidal predator-prey interactions are logistically difficult. We propose to use the recent outbreak of sea star wasting disease (SSWD) in California as a large-scale natural experiment to quantify the effects of top-down predatory regulation on grazing and macroalgal community structure within kelp forests, with a focus on herbivorous gastropods (Chlorostoma spp.) Since 2013, SSWD has greatly reduced the abundance of both main Chlorostoma predators (sea stars Pisaster, Pycnopodia) along the Pacific coast, providing an opportunity to evaluate the impacts of predator removal at a large, ecologically realistic scale. Using a paired sampling design (six sets of SSWD [+,-] sites ranging from the northern Channel Islands to Bodega Bay), we first propose to conduct subtidal surveys evaluating the density and distribution of Chlorostoma and the composition of macroalgae. This will allow us to determine whether predator presence influences macroalgal preferences of snails (use of Macrocystis as vertical predation refuge) and if so, whether this is correlated with changes in benthic community structure. Second, we propose to examine diet (using stable isotopes δ13C and δ15N) to determine whether consumption of high refuge (Macrocystis) vs. high nutrition (benthic) algal groups is influenced by predation threat. Finally, we propose to examine physical morphometrics of Chlorostoma to evaluate whether energy allocation to defensive growth vs. somatic growth/reproduction differs between sites with high (SSWD -) and low (SSWD +) predator presence. Our proposed research should provide insight as to whether predator-prey interactions observed in laboratory settings “scale-up” to natural systems, and may be useful in predicting potential ecosystem-level impacts of future disease outbreaks.
San Diego$7,4822015-16 Rapid Response Program44
  
Understanding the effects of the Refugio Oil Spill on resident marine mammals: a molecular approach
LewisonRebeccaRapid Response Program2015-16
The proposed research will use remote biopsies to assess the health effects of the Refugio Oil Spill on mammals using Tursiops truncatus as a model species. Utilizing samples composed of skin and blubber, we will combine hormone quantification and transcriptome analysis to investigate how hormone and genetic biomarkers differ in coastal and offshore T. truncatus relative to oil exposure. We currently have pre-spill reference samples from both T. truncatus populations in the SCB. Research efforts following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (DWHOS) produced circumstantial evidence of the negative effects of oil exposure on marine mammals including loss of adrenal function, lung injury, and reproductive impairment (Charmicael 2012, Schwacke et al 2014). Though the animals near the DWHOS exhibited pathologies consistent with effects of oil exposure, the studies that were conducted lack the ability to provide clear evidence of exposure and effect, and therefore lacking strong causative linkage with the spill event. It is these types of biological samples that we seek in relation with the Refugio Oil Spill. The goal of this Rapid Response project is to use molecular approaches to document the hormonal response and effects on gene expression of oil exposure on resident marine mammals. The Refugio Oil Spill provides an unusual opportunity as we already have in our possession dozens of biological samples from prior to the spill event that serve for crucial reference comparisons.
San Diego$5,0002015-16 Rapid Response Program1366
  
Persistence of oil-derived hydrocarbons in the coastal environment after the Refugio oil spill
MladenovNatalieRapid Response Program2015-16
Oil spills in coastal regions have devastating consequences for marine and coastal ecosystems. Therefore, the persistence of oil in the sea water matrix and the transformation it undergoes as a result of natural degradation processes is extremely relevant for remediation efforts. The degradation of the more aged and recalcitrant fraction of oil represents a knowledge gap in our understanding of the persistence of oil-derived hydrocarbons in the coastal environment. Studies comparing the degradability of various oil sources also are needed. During the rupture of the Plains All American Pipeline on May 20, 2015, approximately 20,000 gallons of crude oil spilled into coastal waters at Refugio in Santa Barbara County, CA. Concentrations and degradation rates of oil from the spill will be evaluated using a combination of gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC/TOF-MS) and rapid characterization of oil with fluorescence spectroscopy and parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) modeling. The degradation kinetics will be calculated based on results of photo oxidation in a solar simulator and microbial degradation experiments with dark and sterile controls. Sampling from both the Refugio Oil Spill and a natural heavy oil seep will further allow for degradation rates of two different types of oil to be compared under similar conditions and identical sea water chemistry. The project will build expertise among the PI and collaborators at SDSU and Cal State Channel Islands on the topic of contaminant tracking in coastal areas. A female upper level undergraduate student who has expressed goals of pursuing graduate school will be supported through this project. It is expected that the preliminary results of this project will be used in future research proposals to extramural funding agencies. A manuscript will also be submitted for journal publication.
San Diego$6,8252015-16 Rapid Response Program2636
  
Coccidioidomycosis in rescued marine mammals along California’s coast​​​
LauerAntjeLiwanagHeatherMcDonaldBirgitteRapid Response Program2015-16
Coccidioidomycosis, also known as valley fever, is the number one mycosis among stranded marine mammals along California’s coast. However, nothing is known about the frequency of exposure to the fungal pathogen among California’s marine mammals. Arthroconidia from the soil-dwelling fungal pathogen Coccidioides immitis, which is endemic to California, and Coccidioides posadasii, which is established in other areas of the Southwestern U.S., Mexico and some areas in South America, can become airborne when soil is disturbed and thus, can be transported by the wind to non-endemic areas, including California’s coast. Due to the ongoing drought and an increase in soil disturbance in endemic areas of the pathogen, incidence of valley fever in humans has increased several hundred percent since the late 1990’s. We propose to perform immunodiffusion assays on blood sera collected from rescued marine mammals in the summer and fall of 2015 to determine if these marine mammals were exposed to the fungal pathogen Coccidioides spp. at some point in their life, or if they suffer from an ongoing infection (acute coccidioidomycosis). Additionally, we will include the SPHERUSOL skin test (Nielsen Biosciences) to test for the presence of Coccidioides spp. antibodies. Because of the record stranding of marine mammals this spring, especially California sea lions, the shelters can provide blood sera from plenty of animals. We will include at least 3 (and up to 5) marine mammal rescue centers in this study from northern, central and southern California, and plan to perform about 100 tests at each center (300 tests minimum). The centers that will participate are the Marine Mammal Centers in Sausalito, Moss Landing, Morro Bay, San Pedro and Crescent City. We hypothesize that the rehabilitation facilities closest to the endemic areas of the pathogen will have a greater proportion of animals testing positive for exposure to Coccidioides spp.
BakersfieldSan Luis ObispoSan José$7,4942015-16 Rapid Response Program482634
  
Differential population genetic responses to severe disease in brooding seastars of the species complex Leptasterias spp.
CohenC. SarahRapid Response Program2015-16
The massive die off of sea stars due to sea star wasting disease (SSWD) is causing concern about the ecosystem wide impacts of the disappearance of these ecologically important species. Surveys focused on the broadcast spawning Pisaster ochraceous show signs of recent recovery. However, data from brooding sea stars like Leptasterias spp. are urgently needed because their limited dispersal ability and lower reproductive output make slower recovery from catastrophic events likely. Leptasterias form a cryptic species complex with overlapping distributions of multiple clades in Central California before the onset of SSWD. A previously undescribed clade, Clade Y, was most abundant in areas exposed to differences in salinity and multiple anthropogenic stressors, and could be a particularly stress tolerant clade with greater disease resistance. We will use a combination of field surveys and molecular work to test three important hypotheses about Leptasterias abundance and genetic diversity that will ultimately contribute to our understanding of population connectivity and local adaptation for species with limited dispersal: 1) SSWD coincides with a significant decline in Leptasterias abundance, 2) Genetic diversity both within and across populations is declining in areas where SSWD has been reported, and, 3) Clade Y is better able to withstand multiple stressors including exposure to SSWD as evidenced by an increase in relative abundance and distribution. Results from this project will show the impact of a severe disease outbreak on a brooding sea star with limited dispersal ability. Our data will add information about population connectivity of local areas, including MPAs, and allow scientists and managers to make inferences about the trajectories of future disease events.
San Francisco$7,4942015-16 Rapid Response Program155
  
Understanding the future of California’s beaches: geomorphologic baseline of the Salinas sub-cell at the onset of the 2015-16 El Niño
AielloIvanoRapid Response Program2015-16
We seek support from COAST to create a geomorphologic baseline of the emergent beach between the South of the Salinas River and the head of the Monterey Canyon (Salinas sub-cell). The overall goals are: 1) to produce a high-resolution geomorphologic baseline of the sub-cell prior to the 2015-2016 El Niño that will provide the foundation for future coastal geomorphology studies; 2) to quantify changes in the volume of the emergent beach and net sand loss from the system following storm activity. Digital elevation models will be produced based on the stereophotogrammetric analysis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) surveys conducted in October 2015. High-resolution terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) surveys will be carried out along 8 transects encompassing beach-normal segments including the fore-dune and the toe of the beach. Sediment samples will also be collected and analyzed with a laser particle sizer to detect changes in grain size and sedimentologic trends between survey sites. The urgency of this request is motivated by the need to survey the beaches of the Salinas sub-cell prior to the onset of large storm activity during the 2015-2016 El Niño (95% probability). To measure beach morphology variability, 4 of the 8 TLS transects will be repeatedly surveyed before and after major storms and compared with the baseline survey data (TLS and UAV). Together with the results of the grain size trends, the geomorphologic information will be used to estimate and interpret the direction and the volume of sediment transport along the emergent portion of the sub-cell. Specifically, volumetric changes of the beach segment bordering the head of the canyon will be interpreted in terms of amount of total sand loss.
San José$13,9412015-16 Rapid Response Program52
  
Using El Niño to examine the impact of extreme climate on salt marshes
LongJeremyLipsonDavidStowDougRapid Response Program2015-16
We will use the current strong El Niño as a tool for studying the impact of climate on salt marshes. We will compare field manipulations of plant competition and plant responses to herbivory during the current El Niño to previous studies from non-El Niño years. Further, we will correlate changes in abiotic factors and primary production with pore water chemistry. Our project asks: 1) Does climate influence competitive interactions between marsh plants?; 2) Do the impacts of herbivory and compensatory growth on cordgrass production depend upon climate?; and 3) What are the impacts of climate on primary and secondary production, and do these depend upon a marsh’s riverine influence?
San DiegoSan DiegoSan Diego$13,9412015-16 Rapid Response Program211312421767
  
Is San Diego an El Niño ready city?
KinoshitaAliciaRapid Response Program2015-16
The 2015-2016 El Niño is developing into the largest event on historical record with possibly a greater impact than the 1982-1983 and 1997-1998 events. For southern California, the impacts may include destructive storms, mudslides, and flooding. Due to the recurring nature of El Niño and its impacts on society, early-warning systems and forecasts may prompt national and local decision makers and communities to prepare for climate-related hazards at specific locations and times. However, forecasts of El Niño events are still rather limited, complicating mitigation strategies. Most El Niño disaster lessons are drawn from case studies of specific impacts and experience, which result in disaster-related “lessons learned,” but in reality are often “lessons identified.” This research seeks to distinguish the degree to which lessons identified become lessons learned, which is a characteristic of an El Niño ready city (ENRC). Areas that are prone to weather extremes may benefit from ENRC practices, where El Niño extremes are a constant topic of interest, potentially providing more effective management for hazardous threats and also bridging mitigation efforts with sustainable development. This would encourage the need to broaden primarily now-and-then forecasts of the onset and then behavior of a specific event towards a more holistic approach that includes all available information such as historical accounts of El Niño-related socioeconomic and physical impacts. This research will collect opportune pilot data through surveys and interviews with local agencies in San Diego, California during the 2015-2016 El Niño and conduct extensive literature reviews to identify lessons learned from previous events. Results will improve our understanding of El Niño ready cities and will identify strengths, opportunities, constraints, and challenges for San Diego. It is anticipated that this preliminary research will extend to other cities and will also support future international collaborations and a cross-border comparison in Tijuana, Mexico.
San Diego$13,9412015-16 Rapid Response Program2667
collapse Year And Program : 2015-16 Grant Development Program ‎(7)
  
Conservation connections: links between eelgrass (Zostera marina) and an extremely rare high marsh plant (Suaeda californica) in two California estuaries
BoyerKatharynO'LearyJenniferYostJenniferGrant Development Program2015-16
Shed tissues from rapidly growing coastal vegetation can represent a valuable subsidy of nutrients and organic matter to other plants and animals. Loss of species that provide this material, such as seagrasses, could have detrimental effects on recipient species and processes. Eelgrass (Zostera marina), a seagrass with global distribution in temperate estuaries, has undergone extreme losses (97%) in Morro Bay since 2007, and occupies only a fraction of potential habitat in San Francisco Bay. These are the only two estuaries supporting a federally endangered high-marsh plant, the sea-blite Suaeda californica. In past years, eelgrass wrack has accumulated in Morro Bay around adult Suaeda and seedlings, perhaps providing nutrients, moisture, or organic matter that augment Suaeda establishment and growth; however, recent eelgrass losses may signal the beginning of a Suaeda decline in Morro Bay. In San Francisco Bay, a greenhouse experiment suggested that a paucity of eelgrass wrack may contribute to poor Suaeda re-establishment success. We will gather preliminary data on the linkages between eelgrass and Suaeda through review of historic images and observations, surveys of Suaeda and wrack line composition and distribution, and field experiments testing the relationship between eelgrass wrack and Suaeda success in both estuaries. COAST support will foster a new collaboration among two CSUs and a National Estuary Program that will position us for a successful grant submittal to the NSF Coastal SEES program. That proposal will include: 1) evaluation of the interactions that occur between eelgrass wrack and other estuarine organisms including Suaeda and other plant and animal species as well as processes such as decomposition and remineralization, 2) hydrodynamic modeling of transport in both estuaries to predict areas of wrack accumulation, and 3) development of restoration recommendations to re-establish eelgrass and interacting species in particular locations that will provide maximum benefit.
San FranciscoSan Luis ObispoSan Luis Obispo$15,0002015-16 Grant Development Program202325832631
  
Investigating Holocene primary productivity and environmental variability in the California Current Ecosystem and implications for future climate change
CarlinJosephWagnerAmyGrant Development Program2015-16
Oceanic upwelling is a prominent feature along continental margins influenced by eastern boundary currents. The influx of nutrients from deep waters contributes to high surface primary productivity, which in turn supports some of the world’s most productive fisheries. However, the fate of upwelling remains unresolved in the face of future climate change. This is particularly true within the California Current Ecosystem, where confidence in the predictions of future upwelling are low due to a wide range of environmental complexities. This project aims to address the uncertainty of future California Current upwelling by investigating evidence of past primary productivity in the geologic record in response to environmental forcing throughout the Holocene (e.g., the last 11,700 years). By understanding how marine and terrestrial environmental changes have influenced upwelling and primary productivity in the past, we hope to better refine predictions of future conditions influenced by climate change. The objectives for this study are to collect and analyze marine sediment cores from the Monterey Bay continental shelf off the central California coast. This research will integrate a variety of analyses including: stable and radioactive isotope geochemistry, trace-element geochemistry, core scanning XRF and physical properties analysis, biogenic silica spectrophotometry, and sedimentological analyses. Anticipated products from this COAST funding are: teaching/mentoring of students during ocean-based fieldwork; and a preliminary data set to incorporate into a subsequent NSF-Ocean Sciences proposal that expands the study across the California margin.
FullertonSacramento$14,9502015-16 Grant Development Program25782560
  
The influence of oceanic conditions and phytoplankton lipid content on lipid accumulation patterns of northern California Current zooplankton
CassChristineBjorkstedtEricShaughnessyFrankGrant Development Program2015-16
We propose to examine the factors influencing the lipid accumulation patterns of zooplankton residing off of Trinidad Head, California. Zooplankton play an important role as middlemen in oceanic food webs, and understanding what controls their ability to accumulate energy stores (and therefore provide a better quality food source to their predators) will help us be able to better predict success of higher trophic levels. We will investigate the roles that (1) prey (phytoplankton) lipid content, (2) oceanographic conditions, and (3) zooplankton community structure play on determining the ultimate lipid accumulation of the bulk zooplankton community. The project will run for three years. Two years will be dedicated to field and laboratory work, with the final year allocated to data analysis and dissemination. The zoo- and phytoplankton communities will be sampled monthly at previously established stations (Trinidad Head Line) on the continental shelf and past the shelf break off of Trinidad Head. Portions of each of these samples will be preserved and analyzed for community structure. Both phytoplankton and zooplankton will also be assayed using an Iatroscan that will measure the total mass of lipids in each major lipid class. Physical oceanographic conditions will be described using CTD data collected during sampling cruises in conjunction with a pier-based sensor in Trinidad Harbor and the high frequency radar site on the north side of Trinidad State Beach. In order to better understand the connection between oceanographic conditions and lipid content of phytoplankton, the lipid response of a subset of diatom and dinoflagellate taxa will be examined when these species are cultured in the laboratory across a range of in vitro conditions (temperature, nutrients, light) representative of those experienced in the local marine environment.
HumboldtHumboldtHumboldt$6,8642015-16 Grant Development Program244126291712
  
A hybrid UCOAM coastal ocean model: interfacing with the SCCOOS California state-wide ROMS system
CastilloJoseThomasMaryGrant Development Program2015-16
For people who live along coastal regions, having information about the state of the coastal and ocean waters is extremely important. The SCCOOS/CA-ROMS 3-km model, based on the Regional Ocean Modeling System extends along the California border, and has a resolution of 3 km. It produces forecasts and nowcasts for sea surface height, water temperature, salinity, and currents. There is a need for increased resolution in certain scenarios. The SDSU Unified Curvilinear Ocean and Atmospheric Model (UCOAM) is a 3D curvilinear, nonhydrostatic, large eddy simulation model. UCOAM can simulate ocean processes at spatial scales of a meter and coastal processes of less than 1-km. If vertical accelerations are large, and if horizontal scales are small, then non-hydrostatic effects may be important, and it is in this regime where UCOAM has the potential to contribute ocean models. We will develop a new hybrid model by nesting UCOAM within the CA-ROMS model. We will demonstrate its capabilities by modeling hydrodynamics in the San Diego Bay. Results will published via a portal based using “Drop-a-Drifter Water Trajectories” software used by SCOOS and other programs.
San DiegoSan Diego$15,0002015-16 Grant Development Program12292630
  
The potential of foraminifera based paleoceanography in the Bay of Bengal
DekensPetraGrant Development Program2015-16
The Integrated Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 354 drilled ocean sediments in the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean in February and March of 2015. The recovered sediments are a mixture of pelagic material from the overlying water column and terrestrial material that originates from Himalayan rivers and are brought to the Bay of Bengal through turbidity currents. These sediments presents a unique opportunity to understand how the strength of the Asian monsoon is related to oceanographic and climate conditions during the Mid-Pleistocene transition when climate moved from responding to 40 kyr obliquity cycle to the 100 kyr eccentricity cycle. This project aims to first show that the planktonic foraminifera fossils found in Exp 354 sediments originate from the overlying water column and are not transported in through turbidity currents. This will be done by measuring δ18O in 75 foraminifera shells at two Exp 354 sites and one site in the northern bay. The distribution of the δ18O data will reflect the seasonal SSS range, which is smaller in Exp 354 sites compared to the site in the northern Bay of Bengal. Second, the project will test that the Mg/Ca in planktonic foraminifera can used to reconstruct records of SST in these sediments by using laser ablation ICP-MS work to examine intra-shell variability. Finally, the project will generate preliminary data SST and SSS of the MPT that demonstrates that glacial-interglacial cycles are recorded in these sediments and can be linked to records of monsoon strength recorded in the same sediments. This study will be a unique contribution, as the records will be the first to measure oceanographic conditions and a proxy for Asian Monsoon strength in the same sediments, thereby allowing us to examine the relationships between high and low latitude climate variability.
San Francisco$14,9372015-16 Grant Development Program2627
  
Ecomorphology and biogeography of Pacific coast Storm-petrels
HertelFritzGrant Development Program2015-16
Storm-petrels (Family Hydrobatidae) are the smallest seabirds and typically breed in colonies on uninhabited islands. The only known breeding colonies for some species are on only one island, making them particularly vulnerable to both natural and man-made degradation of their islands. Nine species breed along the west coast of North and South America in generally similar habitats in both hemispheres and are the focus of this study. Some of these storm-petrel species exhibit a unique feeding behavior called pattering, which is analogous to walking on water. They face into the wind with outstretched wings and patter on the sea surface using their feet while picking up small organisms from the sea surface; other species have not been observed to patter. We aim to describe the functional adaptations of wing morphology (wing loading, aspect ratio) and hind limb morphology (length, foot size) associated with pattering among these storm-petrels. These data will be integrated with tail and beak morphology to determine how these combined features correlate with what is known of differences in their ecology (ecomorphology) to better understand ecological segregation among species. We can then explore the distribution of functional types within and between hemispheres. Three species have only two known breeding colonies separated by about 800 km so we will also analyze the genetic relationships between populations for each species to determine whether there is gene flow or whether they should be considered separate units for conservation purposes. This project will provide an understanding of the functional ecology associated with pattering, will help determine competitive interactions among species within and between each hemisphere, will provide data for use in conservation efforts on their breeding islands, and help understand the evolution and radiation of this unique family of birds.
Northridge$4,9712015-16 Grant Development Program2489
  
Visualization of coastal water environments and periodic migratory populations from sensor data
WoodZoeLoweChrisGrant Development Program2015-16
In response to the international importance of quantifying the movement patterns and habitat driven behaviors of coastal fish and sharks so as to better conserve and protect these species, this grant proposes to expand the currently funded work on `Multi-Robot Systems for Tracking, Monitoring, and Modeling of Periodic Migratory Populations’ to include an educational visualization component. We propose to expand the current work into a multi-disciplinary project between robotics, biology and computer graphics to enhance the study of periodic migratory populations in coastal waters. This proposal focuses on adding a visualization component to this existing research project. In addition, we aim to grow the overall undergraduate research opportunities associated with this project and develop a full proposal to continue this multi-disciplinary work via an REU site proposal. We plan to establish the new collaboration, complete initial work on the visualization system and develop the details of a complete multi-disciplinary REU site program proposal.
San Luis ObispoLong Beach$13,9412015-16 Grant Development Program2624106
collapse Year And Program : 2014-15 Strategic Investment Program ‎(2)
  
Marine organismal integromics: Improving predictions of how a changing ocean will affect organisms by integrating multiple levels of biological organization
TomanekLarsLemaSeanStillmanJonathonTsukimuraBrianStrategic Investment Program2014-15
Coastal oceans are subject to multiple stressors including chemical pollution, excess nutrient runoff, hypoxia and changes in ocean temperatures and pH stemming from global climate change. Understanding how these stressors impact species is one of the foremost challenges in identifying management actions that can have long-lasting positive effects on our oceans, and addressing that challenge requires an understanding of how marine organisms are being impacted by the various combinations of stressors. Over the past decades, such research efforts have commonly been conducted in the form of research collaborations comprising only a few laboratories, as marine organismal research has emphasized deconstructing organisms into cellular mechanisms to understand how organisms function and respond in the face of environmental change. While this reductionistic approach of ‘disassembling the organism’ has contributed fundamental knowledge about the cell’s function, it has become increasingly evident that biologists continue to struggle to translate cellular level changes into functional consequences at the organ and organismal levels. This task has become even more acute as data obtained using sophisticated molecular ‘omics’ techniques (e.g., transcriptomics, proteomics) raise new questions about which molecular responses matter most for the function and, ultimately, survival and reproduction of marine organisms. There is now a need to develop larger collaborative research networks that can integrate scientific efforts effectively across multiple levels of biological organization. To begin to address this need, COAST funding will be used to convene a workshop of CSU researchers to promote collaboration across institutions, facilitate the identification of emerging research needs, and foster the theoretical refinement of tools necessary for predicting the responses of marine organisms to changing ocean conditions. This research workshop will serve as the first step in obtaining external funding as a Research Coordination Network (RCN) to sustain collaborative marine organismal research coordination across and beyond the CSU campuses.
San Luis ObispoSan Luis ObispoSan FranciscoFresno$20,0002014-15 Strategic Investment Program19523701541676
  
Center for CSU Aquaculture: research, education, and policy
GrahamMichaelHamiltonScottLeeMichaelEdwardsMattStrategic Investment Program2014-15
We are proposing to establish a Center for Aquaculture in the CSU, which includes increasing research capacity, providing support for curriculum and educational programs, coordination and transfer of technologies and skills among CSU partners, and involvement in forming policy. The primary location will be the newly dedicated Aquaculture Facility at Moss Landing Marine Laboratories (MLML), but the emphasis of the Center will be a collaboration and synthesis of effort throughout the CSU. The Center would provide infrastructure for collaborative research and an educational framework establishing a range of qualifications in aquaculture science at MLML, from certificates up to the degree level, and outreach and policy assessment and coordination. We are proposing to use COAST funds to (1) convene three meetings of interested faculty and researchers within the CSU during which proposal specifics will be developed, (2) provide additional compensation for four faculty members to spearhead the development and submittal of at least four proposals earmarked for specific funding agencies (federal, state, and private), and (3) develop a separate proposal to CA Sea Grant to support a CA-wide aquaculture workshop that will address the future of aquaculture and the role of the CSU in aquaculture science and education. A primary mission of the CSU is to provide training for students to enter the workforce in California, with particular strengths in nursing, forestry, biotechnology, and business; the CSU Center for Aquaculture will be specifically designed to train a technical workforce to support the emerging aquaculture industry in California, the United States, and worldwide.
San JoséSan JoséEast BaySan Diego$44,8232014-15 Strategic Investment Program5523411673187
collapse Year And Program : 2014-15 Rapid Response Program ‎(3)
  
Opportunistic assessment of El Niño effects on connectivity and recruitment
WhiteCrowZacherlDanielleRuttenbergBenjaminRapid Response Program2014-15
This proposal will leverage the anticipated upcoming El Niño with a field survey and sampling program for assessing El Niño effects on connectivity and recruitment in nearshore marine species. El Niño oceanographic conditions can cause anomalous dispersal patterns and may drive northward range expansion in nearshore marine species along the U.S. west coast. Preliminary research indicates that the kelp forest gastropod Kellet’s whelk (Kelletia kelletii) is a highly tractable case-study species for assessing these effects. This project will survey the size-specific population density and size frequency distribution, and collect adult, pre-dispersal egg, and recruit tissue samples of Kellet’s whelk following the predicted 2014-15 El Niño at key sites across the species’ historic range in Baja and southern California, and within the species’ newly expanded range north of Pt. Conception along the central California coast. The survey data will be compared with past surveys by this team to test for increased recruitment at expanded-range sites in association with El Niño oceanographic conditions. Leveraging a longer-term project, soon in review with NSF, the tissue samples will be combined with archived and forthcoming samples and analyzed using genetic and microchemistry methods to assign recruits to source locations and test for El Niño effects on connectivity across Pt. Conception. The data fills a gap in preliminary research, increasing the likelihood of funding of the NSF proposal. The COAST project will consist of two phases: obtaining collection permits, recruiting and training students, and organizing field logistics (Feb-May); and conducting field research, data analyzing and archiving, and presentation of results (June-July). This project will strengthen collaborations among marine science labs at Cal Poly and CSUF, support the training of CSU students in marine ecology research, and provide to scientists and the public data and insight enhancing knowledge of California’s natural marine resources and the processes affecting them.
San Luis ObispoFullertonSan Luis Obispo$7,5002014-15 Rapid Response Program258017012581
  
Fine-scale genetic structure of Elegant Tern populations during El Niño and non-El Niño years
AguilarAndresHornMichaelRapid Response Program2014-15
Elegant terns are highly migratory colonial nesting seabirds with restricted breeding ranges. The major site for elegant tern nesting is on Isla Rasa in Baja California; however three smaller nesting sites have been established in southern California (Port of Los Angeles, Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve and San Diego). During normal years more than 90% of all elegant terns nest on Isla Rasa, however during El Nino years most individuals forgo nesting on Isla Rasa and may migrate to southern California to nest. The southern California nesting populations are known to exist as a single population, however it is unknown if the Baja California birds are genetically distinct, especially during El Niño years when mixing might occur. We will be utilizing molecular genetic data to test three important hypotheses concerning elegant tern population structure: 1) That significant structure exists between Isla Rasa and southern California colonies; 2) That the southern California colonies exist as a metapopulation; and 3) That genetic structure is maintained during mixing that occurs in El Niño years. Results from this project will provide valuable information on a seabird species that is an indicator of local fisheries. Additionally this information can be used to predict how this species may respond to climate change driven range shifts.
Los AngelesFullerton$7,4002014-15 Rapid Response Program2490131
  
Evaluating the effects of sea star loss on central California intertidal communities in the presence and absence of human influence
O'LearyJenniferRapid Response Program2014-15
A recent (2013) sea star wasting disease decimated populations of five species from Vancouver Island to San Diego, including the keystone predator Pisaster ochraceous. P. ochraceous maintains intertidal diversity by controlling mussel populations and opening space for other less competitive sessile organisms. The recent P. ochraceous die-off is predicted to dramatically reduce biodiversity by allowing expansion of mussel beds. However, whether P. ochraceous is a keystone predator depends on the ability of mussels to dominate an area. Thus, the predicted ecosystem shifts may occur at a limited suite of locations. This project initiates two long-term monitoring sites in central California to evaluate the effects of loss of sea stars in the rocky intertidal at a site with extensive human trampling and mussel harvest and a site with highly restricted access. The project is being conducted in parallel with researchers from Hopkins Marine Station, the Bodega Bay Marine Lab, and Humboldt State University, thus allowing evaluation of trends in oceanographically different areas. We will evaluate changes in sea star and mussel abundance, size structure, and distribution; alternative mussel predators; and sessile community diversity in two central California sites: Diablo Canyon (limited human access) and Hazards (high access). At each site, we will establish and monitor 5-6 vertical swaths in the lower intertidal zone. Using the results of this project and existing data from PISCO surveys, the effects of sea star loss can be predicted for other areas of the California coast. The project will allow an undergraduate student and new faculty member at Cal Poly to engage in high profile research related to an unprecedented ecological event in California. The project requires rapid funding to launch before sea stars begin to recover and to cover the same monitoring periods as project partners at other universities.
San Luis Obispo$7,5002014-15 Rapid Response Program2583
collapse Year And Program : 2014-15 Grant Development Program ‎(9)
  
Osmotically driven membrane processes for sustainable seawater desalination
AchilliAndreaGrant Development Program2014-15
Securing a reliable supply of freshwater among growing human populations and rapidly changing climate has emerged as a global-scale challenge. As demands for potable freshwater increase, water-stressed regions are exploring non-traditional means of augmenting their freshwater supply. In coastal regions, desalination is regarded as a potential means of achieving a sustainable water supply. However, the potential benefits of desalination are offset by high-energy demand issues related to brine treatment/disposal. The proposed research will examine emerging desalination technologies with the potential to improve energy efficiency and minimize brine disposal issues. Osmotically driven membrane processes, such as forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO), represent a novel approach to desalination with the potential to greatly improve sustainability by assisting in water and energy recovery during seawater desalination. These processes can be combined with reverse osmosis (RO) to recover osmotic gradients/pressure while reducing the concentrations of brine effluents from RO treatment processes. The overall goal of the proposed research is to design, construct, and test a flexible osmotically driven membrane system to treat seawater to potable standards. The system consists of an RO process, an FO/PRO process, and an energy recovery unit. The FO/PRO process will be arranged upstream or downstream of the RO process and in a closed- or open-loop configuration depending on feed water characteristics. This project will build from the experience gained with the RO-PRO pilot-scale investigation to optimize the operating parameters necessary for the development of a highly efficient RO desalination system. For the first time, a suit of osmotically driven membrane processes will be tested side by side and results will be directly compared. If funded, the research team will partner with several equipment development companies for the development and supply of new FO and PRO membranes and for the development and supply of tailored pressure exchangers.
Humboldt$9,0742014-15 Grant Development Program2487
  
Environmental variability and investment in thermal defenses: the importance of recent history
AllenBengtGrant Development Program2014-15
Higher temperature variability associated with global change is likely to be an important driver of biological disturbance in the future, as it increases the risk that species’ physiological limits will be exceeded. In response to thermal stress, many organisms exhibit characteristic physiological changes associated with increased tolerance to subsequent high temperatures. The degree to which individuals are able to adjust their thermal sensitivity and the associated energetic costs to do so will determine the fitness consequences of more frequent exposure to more extreme conditions. Although sublethal effects of stress have implications for population persistence and species interactions in the face of climate change, we still lack a general framework for understanding how increasing temperature variation will influence the relative size of sublethal versus lethal effects in natural ecosystems. My students and I are developing an intuitive graphical model to explore how local thermal regime and food availability may interact to determine levels of investment in thermal defenses, and as a consequence, when sublethal negative effects of temperature stress will be large relative to effects on survival. We propose to test predictions of this model and its assumptions in the field and lab by manipulating temperature variation and food availability to rocky intertidal mussels and quantifying their subsequent demographic, behavioral, and physiological performance. Data generated by this project will form the basis of a subsequent proposal to the National Science Foundation. By explicitly partitioning treatment effects among temperature stress, food ration, and their interaction, this study will significantly advance our understanding how local resource availability can limit the capacity of individuals to mitigate costs of thermal stress through physiological mechanisms. Broader impacts of this project are focused on the integration of undergraduate teaching and research at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), a High Hispanic Enrollment (HHE) institution.
Long Beach$15,0002014-15 Grant Development Program145
  
Nesting of non-hydrostatic and hydrostatic numerical ocean models
ChoboterPaulGrant Development Program2014-15
Internal waves are ubiquitous features in the coastal ocean. The breaking of these waves, and eventual transformation into higher-frequency waves and bores, play a significant role in the generation of turbulence and diapycnal mixing in the ocean. Despite a growing body of literature on the subject, questions still remain with respect to the evolution, fate, and impact of these features. The numerical modeling of these waves is a major challenge due to the nonhydrostatic dynamics and large range of scales involved. In particular, the details of their generation depend on large-scale features such as vertical stratification and mesoscale currents, while details of their breaking and shoaling depend on smaller-scale processes. This study will use a hybrid numerical model designed to capture both larger-scale physics and fine-scale nonhydrostatic features in the coastal ocean. The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) is a hydrostatic ocean model ideally suited to simulate mesoscale to basin-scale ocean processes. The Unified Curvilinear Ocean Atmosphere Model (UCOAM) is a nonhydrostatic model designed specifically for high-resolution (meters) simulations. In this research, we will develop a hybrid model that nests a fine-grid UCOAM model within ROMS running on a coarser grid. The hybrid model will be used to study realistic currents and non-hydrostatic features in Monterey Bay with a focus on coastal and canyon regions. This hybrid model will provide insight into how larger-scale processes influence non-hydrostatic features such as shoaling internal waves and bores. The results may prove useful in informing future numerical modeling efforts to parameterize these features in larger-scale models, as well as predicting the timing and location of bore generation. This has implications for diapycnal mixing, transport processes, and a host of biological/ecological processes such as larval connectivity and the transport of low dissolved oxygen/pH waters to the nearshore.
San Luis Obispo$4,4202014-15 Grant Development Program1452
  
Assessing the success of green abalone out planting in San Diego: a possible avenue for population recovery?
EdwardsMattGrant Development Program2014-15
Southern California is home to seven abalone species that have historically supported lucrative commercial and recreational fisheries. However, due to overharvest and disease, their abundances have declined over the past decades to the point where many populations have reached near extinction. Thus, activities to restore these populations in the wild are of paramount importance to the survival of the species. One way this may occur is by growing abalone in the laboratory and then out planting them to the field. However, the ultimate success of these activities is unclear, largely due to a lack of understanding of how out planted individuals survive once placed in the field. To address this knowledge gap, we will examine the success of previous (11 yrs ago) efforts in which ~600 green abalone (Haliotis fulgens) were grown in the laboratory and out planted to the Point Loma kelp forest. Specifically, we will conduct diver surveys of the out plant areas and nearby non-out plant areas in order to quantify H. fulgens densities and size distributions. Once these surveys have been completed, if we find that H. fulgens densities within the out plant areas have indeed been enhanced, we will write two proposals to expand on these efforts, one of which will be submitted to NOAA’s Aquaculture program to explore the viability of using land-based aquaculture facilities to produce abalone for further out planting efforts, and one that will be submitted to CA Sea Grant that will focus on how different out planting techniques impact short-term (weeks to months) survival of out planted individuals. Thus, this current study will provide the needed baseline data to determine if out planting laboratory-reared abalone indeed enhances natural populations over long (years to decades) periods, and compare different out planting strategies to increase individual survival.
San Diego$12,2172014-15 Grant Development Program187
  
Identifying critical coastal habitat under a changing climate along the California central coast
HinesEllenGrant Development Program2014-15
Coastal ecosystems are among the most productive and threatened systems in the world. Increased coastal erosion and inundation along the California coast is likely due to changes in sea level rise, storm frequency and severity as climate changes. There are critical gaps in our understanding of the structure and dynamics of complex nearshore systems. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of novel models of ecological and physical processes in the coastal interface using new high-resolution geospatial data sets. The interdisciplinary project team will develop novel models of ecological and physical processes in the coastal interface using cutting edge geospatial datasets and techniques that draw upon expertise of the team. Products we develop will support coastal planning for climate adaptation as these ecologically important habitats and services also serve as natural protection in a changing climate. The proposed project is significant as it leverages innovative new datasets (e.g., USGS California wave model, high resolution LIDAR, seafloor imagery) to advance spatial modeling efforts along the Central California Coast. Ultimately the project strives to 1) develop long-term collaborative research on the identification of critical coastal habitat at key trophic levels; 2) support ecosystem service assessment needed to ensure coastal resilience; 3) develop products that will support coastal planning for climate adaptation as these ecologically important habitats and services also serve as natural protection in a changing climate.
San Francisco$14,5182014-15 Grant Development Program1827
  
A novel approach to in situ marine contaminant assessment: Linking exposure to effects
LewisonRebeccaHohEunhaGrant Development Program2014-15
Understanding the impact of lifetime exposure to ocean contaminants in humans is a recognized research and public health priority. To address this pressing issue, our project will use marine mammals as a model mammal system to explore the physiological effects of persistent organic contaminants. We plan to integrate three cutting edge techniques to advance the ability to identify novel contaminants and potential mechanisms compromising the health of mammals: genome wide gene expression (transcriptomes), recently developed steroid hormone assays, and high-resolution two-dimensional gas chromatography. Utilizing routinely collected dart biopsy samples composed of skin and blubber, we will combine contaminant analysis, hormone quantification, and transcriptome analysis to conduct a health assessment of free-ranging dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Southern California Bight. The combination of these techniques will allow for a more comprehensive approach to health assessment by examining the ecotoxicological effect of total contaminant load rather than a small fraction of compounds to which marine mammals are exposed. This project is a vital step towards the development of reliable health assessment biomarkers for ecotoxicological studies and will provide valuable scientific data for the management and protection of marine ecosystems in the southern California region.
San DiegoSan Diego$15,0002014-15 Grant Development Program13662326
  
Sea star wasting disease; the microbiome involved and proteomic response in Patiria miniata
LivingstonBrianGrant Development Program2014-15
Sea star wasting syndrome caused a major die-off of sea stars in 1983-84, again in 1997-98 and is currently decimating sea star populations in many areas along the California coast. The wasting syndrome is often associated with warmer water temperatures and has been reported to be caused by a bacteria or virus, although the causative agent has not been definitively identified. There may be multiple causes of the syndrome by different pathogens, although a systematic study of different causes has not been carried out. The syndrome is also likely to involve the host sea star’s response to the pathogen or to environmental conditions, although this has not been investigated. Because the genome of the sea star Patiria miniata has now been completed, we are now in a position to examine the host response during the wasting process. We plan to compare individuals with the wasting syndrome to unaffected controls. We will obtain samples of coelomic fluid, coelomocytes and tissue surrounding lesions. We will then isolate proteins from these samples, fractionate, digest with trypsin and analyze by mass spectroscopy. The resulting data will be compared to the complete set of proteins encoded in the genome. By using genomic data not previously available and examining the host sea star’s involvement in the lesions we will provide significant information relevant to both immune system function and evolution. We will also use large scale sequencing to study the microbiome associated with the syndrome. The combined data will provide important insight into the origins of this syndrome. These studies are likely to be of increasing importance as global warming and ocean acidification continue, increasing the stress on sea stars and other marine organisms.
Long Beach$15,0002014-15 Grant Development Program
  
Pharmaceutical and evolutionary perspective on bioactive compounds in marine invertebrates – a focus on invasive species
MackieJoshuaOkudaRoyAmagataTaroGrant Development Program2014-15
Our overarching goal is to explore how studying a large number of species through modern chemical characterization and genetic approaches can extend access to medically significant compounds while at the same time increase understanding of the ecological importance of symbiotic relationships. We will focus on bioactive compounds in shallow marine fouling communities comprised of sessile animals, including sponges and bryozoans, which often have bacterial symbionts. An estimated 15,000 novel compounds have been identified from marine microbes and their invertebrate hosts, such as the bryozoan Bugula neritina, and many are being developed into bioactive compounds. In coastal urban areas heavily affected by introductions, many of these host species are becoming common globally. This biological assemblage thus presents the opportunity to study bioactive compounds that are both ecologically and medically relevant. We will use the brine shrimp (Artemia salina) dose-survival assay to measure toxicities of common sessile species (including ascidians and bryozoans) to test whether a putative level of defense against predation correlates with native or introduced status of populations and invasion histories, or bacterial and bioactive molecule diversity. Invertebrate extracts will be tested also for activities, including inhibitory activity against sirtuin proteins, regulators of cancers and aging related diseases, using a genetic-reporter assay in yeast. 16S gene sequencing, as used commonly in microbial systematics, will be used to profile bacterial community diversities. Factors that will be considered in explaining toxicity and microbial diversity include the sample collection environment and the genetic lineage of host organism. Focusing on whether bacterial and chemotype patterns are co-evolutionary or environmentally mediated, we will include comparisons of ‘cryptic’ species, referring to pairs of invertebrate species recognized as different species recently through genetic assisted taxonomy. This should allow us to determine to what extent the genetic strain of the host invertebrate or the symbiont environment influences the spectrum of medically relevant bioactive compounds (e.g., actinomycin-, bryostatin-, or didemnum-like compounds).
San JoséSan JoséSan Francisco$14,8312014-15 Grant Development Program19025651840
  
Wetland ecosystem community change in the face of sea level rise
WhitcraftChristineDillonJesseGrant Development Program2014-15
Coastal wetlands are highly productive systems, providing a number of important ecosystem services that are directly and indirectly tied to the presence of vascular plants. Yet, the linkages among the aboveground plant community, benthic diversity and ecosystem function are not well understood, limiting our ability to predict how wetland ecosystems will respond to anthropogenic impacts such as sea level rise (SLR). A multi-pronged approach will be used to compare how increased inundation alters the plant, invertebrate and microbial communities in coastal salt marshes in both Northern and Southern CA. Specifically we address: 1) How will SLR modify the survival and productivity of marsh plants in coastal wetlands?; 2) Will SLR effects on plants and sediment community vary with climate regime and/or with latitude?; and 3) How do changes in the aboveground plant change the decomposer community? And trophic functioning? These questions will be addressed through manipulative field experiments using experimental devices for studying how plants respond to different amounts of tidal inundation. These manipulations will elucidate changes in the plant community and in the resultant structure of the decomposer community (bacterial, plant and benthic invertebrates) with implications for trophic function of the system. Plant and decomposer communities’ response to SLR will be assessed using novel and integrative approaches from wetland and microbial ecology. Plant physiological responses will be tested using a LiCor system, invertebrate community responses using traditional sorting techniques and novel isotope enrichment experiments, and microbial community using molecular fingerprinting and sequencing techniques. These approaches will transform our understanding of the impact of SLR on plant function as well as of the diversity and function of salt marsh decomposers.
Long BeachLong Beach$15,0002014-15 Grant Development Program102159
collapse Year And Program : 2013-14 Rapid Response Program ‎(1)
  
Detecting the arrival of Fukushima radioisotopes to the California coastline
ManleyStevenRapid Response Program2013-14
In March 2011, the magnitude 9.0 Tohoku earthquake off the coast of Japan triggered a tsunami that damaged the nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan, causing the release of substantial amounts of radioactive material into the environment, including the ocean. Kelp Watch 2014/15 is a scientific campaign using our California surface canopy forming kelp species (Macrocystis pyrifera and Nereocystis luetkeana) as coastal detectors of these released radioisotopes (primarily Cs-134, t½= 2 yr; Cs-137, t½= 30 yr) predicted to arrive along the west coast of North America via ocean currents in 2014-15. These kelps are the ideal coastal sentinel organism for this study because they 1) place most of their biomass in surface water forming large canopies; 2) take-up and concentrate many dissolved inorganic compounds including the radioisotopes from Fukushima (e.g. Cs, 20 fold); 3) are found along the coastline from Baja to Alaska; 4) are easy to collect and prepare for analysis; and 5) form the basis of a highly productive ecosystem. KW2014/15 was initiated by Dr. Manley and is based on collaboration with Dr. Kai Vetter (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), who will provide analysis at the Berkeley Low Background Facility. This effort involves 44 scientists from 33 different academic and government institutions, educational organizations and small businesses. What began as a California centric project has expanded to a total of 43 sites: California (31), Baja Mexico (2), Alaska (3), British Columbia (3), Washington (1) and Oregon (3). Sites in Chile and Tasmania provide “Fukushima-free’ reference material. Kelp sampled from Feb. 2014-March 2015 yielded no evidence of the arrival of Fukushima radiation, although legacy Cs-137 (~0.5 Bq kg-1 dry tissue) from nuclear weapons testing in 1950s and 60s was detected in all samples. Also detected were four naturally occurring radioisotopes, with K-40 being the most abundant (~3,000 Bq kg-1; https://kelpwatch.berkeley.edu/). Anthropogenic I-131, most likely from medical waste, was detected in several southern California locations with highest activity (45-251 Bq kg-1) in kelp from the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Sampling will continue throughout 2015 and into 2016 until Cs-134, with a half-life of two years, will no longer be detectable.
Long Beach$3,6552013-14 Rapid Response Program144
collapse Year And Program : 2013-14 Grant Development Program ‎(7)
  
Boron in a changing ocean: not so "boring" anymore?
CarranoCarlGrant Development Program2013-14
San Diego$15,0002013-14 Grant Development Program150
  
The effects of ocean acidity on the toxicity of Heterosigma akashiwo in California waters
CochlanWilliam P.Grant Development Program2013-14
San Francisco$14,9492013-14 Grant Development Program2118
  
Mathematical modeling of subsurface reservoir contamination in a coastal zone
FominSergeiGrant Development Program2013-14
Chico$11,5992013-14 Grant Development Program2492
  
A proteomics approach to understanding the regulation of early ovarian development in fish
ForsgrenKristyGrant Development Program2013-14
Fullerton$15,0002013-14 Grant Development Program2457
  
Hydrodynamic mediation of predator-prey interactions in estuarine sediments
HentschelBrian T.AndersonTodd W.Grant Development Program2013-14
San DiegoSan Diego$11,3782013-14 Grant Development Program19144
  
Ocean acidification and hypoxia in the California Current: physiological effects on nearshore fishes
LoganCherylGrant Development Program2013-14
Monterey Bay$15,0002013-14 Grant Development Program2376
  
A mechanistic understanding of the demographic consequences of harvest selection for temperate sex-changing fishes
SteeleMarkHamiltonScottGrant Development Program2013-14
NorthridgeSan José$14,9472013-14 Grant Development Program19972341
collapse Year And Program : 2013-14 Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(2)
  
Developing multi-objective hybrid quay crane scheduling tool in California port container terminals
KimJin-LeeFaculty Research Incentive Program2013-14
Long Beach2013-14 Faculty Research Incentive Program2362
  
Minimizing ecological and carbon footprints of desalination plants in coastal California through alternative desalination technologies
AchilliAndreaEvansTylerLoganCherylLangMargaretFaculty Research Incentive Program2013-14
HumboldtEast BayMonterey BayHumboldt2013-14 Faculty Research Incentive Program2487245923761717
collapse Year And Program : 2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(9)
  
Protein response of sea urchin embryos to environmental stress utilizing confocal microscopy to identify proteins affected by ultraviolet radiation in sea urchin embryos
AdamsNikkiFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
Marine organisms are harmed by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) penetrating the ocean. For example, exposure of echinoderm eggs and embryos to UVR results in delays in cell division, morphological abnormalities and death. Echinoderms, including commercially important sea urchins, are well suited for quantitative studies of environmental stress because their gametes are easily obtained, fertilized, and cultured and they have been used extensively as a model for elucidating the effects of environmental factors such as temperature, oxidative stress, chemical pollutants, and UVR since the early 1900s. Large eggs (80-200 µm) allow single-cell analyses, while abundant quantities of embryos facilitate molecular and biochemical analyses. Additionally, the genome of the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, has been sequenced and annotation, providing an important tool for predicting and analyzing the proteins that are involved in responses to stresses such as UVR. Like many organisms, early sea urchin embryos develop and respond to stressors primarily through post-transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms. Our recent comparative proteomic analysis of the embryos of S. purpuratus revealed many proteins and cellular pathways that respond to UVR during early development. We will build on these studies in collaboration with leaders in confocal imaging and protein analysis to decipher how environmental stress affects protein pathways in early development. In summary, the main goal of this proposal is to procure future funding from the NSF for student-centered research investigating how UVR (and other stressors) affect post-translational modification and localization of proteins in sea urchin embryos using confocal microscopy to identify markers of environmental stress.
San Luis Obispo2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program2391
  
Getting to the bottom of it: Understanding an invasive herbivore’s novel role in a vulnerable seagrass system
BoyerKatharynFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
This assigned time award will be used to develop a proposal to the National Science Foundation. I will focus on a system in San Francisco Bay in which an invasive amphipod is exploding in abundance and consuming eelgrass, when it is not known to do so in its native range on the US east coast. This amphipod’s consumption of eelgrass flowering shoots and seeds is a major impediment to restoring this plant from seed and to enhancing genetic diversity in restoration sites that results from doing so. Previously I have shown that if eelgrass is brought in from the amphipod’s native range, the invader far prefers local SF Bay plants. In the proposed project I will evaluate feeding preferences of the amphipod when offered eelgrass from many more locations within its native range. Further, I will collect the amphipod from multiple locations within its native range and reciprocally offer it SF Bay plants along with plants from its native range. This project will assess chemical ecology of the plants, and will utilize genetic analyses on eelgrass and amphipods from throughout the native and introduced range of the amphipod. This research will contribute to a better understanding of the dynamics of this invasion and potential mechanisms for the observed novel role of this herbivore in a threatened habitat in San Francisco Bay, and inform invasion ecology more generally by helping to decipher the conditions under which novel behaviors develop.
San Francisco2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program2023
  
Copper concentration as a selective pressure on genomic content of kelp forest microbes
DinsdaleElizabethFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
Heavy metal concentrations in the kelp are a selective pressure on the microbial community that could affect both the types of microbes and/or genes that are present in the community. The response of the microbes may affect the normal metabolic activity of the community and potentially increase the number of harmful interaction with the other organisms of the kelp forest. The aim of my proposed research is to investigate the selective pressures of heavy metal load on the species diversity and genomic capacity of the kelp forest microbial community. The proposal will integrate genomic, metagenomic and experimental analysis to scale observations from a single genome to the microbial community’s response to heavy metal pollution and the effect microbial changes may have on kelp forest ecosystem health.
San Diego2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program2133
  
Development of an integrated seaweed-abalone aquaculture system for sustainable resource use and bioremediation
EdwardsMatthewGrahamMichaelFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
I am working with Dr. Mike Graham (MLML) to revise a NOAA proposal to develop field-based seaweed aquaculture methods that can be utilized in a small industrial setting to enhance the yield and marketability of farmed abalone, while simultaneously decreasing the potential ecological impacts of this industry. MLML is building an aquaculture facility that will support this and we are refocusing our earlier proposal on the more ambitious aspect of the project that involves several 1-3 million gallon ponds that sit adjacent to Moss Landing. Field-based seaweed aquaculture is not feasible for supporting large-scale abalone farming. This project represents an alliance between two CSU faculty to revise a proposal for integrating the culture of seaweeds (kelp and red algae) and abalone using land based farms in Moss Landing, California. Our goal is to demonstrate the nutritional, economical, and environmental benefits of integration of seaweed/abalone aquaculture at a pilot-scale, and the feasibility and production limitations of commercial-scale land-based kelp cultivation. The proposal will be submitted to the NOAA National Marine Aquacultural Initiative in Spring 2013.
San DiegoSan José2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program18755
  
Biogeography and physiology of Rhodoliths at Catalina Island
EdwardsMatthewStellerDianaFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
Dr. Steller and I will write a proposal to seek funds to support experiments designed to collect data on the seasonal diversity and abundance of macroalgae associated with undisturbed and disturbed rhodolith habitats at Catalina Island. This project will then assess patterns of net primary production of these macroalgae in disturbed and undisturbed rhodolith habitats using standard oxygen evolution and carbon uptake chamber experiments. In doing so, this proposal will bring together Dr. Steller’s expertise in rhodolith ecology and Dr. Edwards experience in algal physiological ecology in a truly collaborative effort. This will also involve several students from both MLML and SDSU as part of their graduate training, with one Graduate Traineeship requested. The proposal will be submitted to California Sea Grant in Spring 2013.
San DiegoSan José2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program18763
  
Diversity and function of bacteria in human influenced marine fouling communities: Using Watersipora spp. and associated microbes as a model
LauerAntjeCraigSeanFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
Our proposal focuses on the diversity and function of microbial symbionts on colonies of Watersipora spp., highly invasive marine bryozoans that have successfully invaded many coastal areas worldwide, preferentially settling in human influenced and polluted bays and harbors. The water and sediments of these areas are known to be polluted with copper (from antifouling paints) as well as other pollutants. However, Watersipora spp. seem to thrive in these environments, whereas native sessile invertebrate species diversity has declined. The reasons for the success of Watersipora spp. in these habitats are not known. However, heavy metal resistance patterns of sponge-associated bacteria have led to the suggestion that microbial symbionts might be able to transfer heavy metal tolerance to the host sponge. The aim of this collaborative proposal is to investigate the role microbial symbionts may play in the adaptation of W. subtorquata to copper pollution in bays and harbors. We hypothesize that there is a connection between microbial symbionts and invasion of Watersipora spp., and propose that these symbionts help their invasive bryozoan hosts withstand copper toxicity, facilitating their invasions. The methods proposed in our study can be used to investigate associations between microbial symbionts, invertebrate hosts, and pollutants in general, and might be of value for other researchers. By testing whether Watersipora-associated bacteria possess genes that are involved in the production of enzymes that can degrade harmful pollutants such as copper in the immediate environment of the host, we hope to help explain the invasion success of these amazing bryozoans.
BakersfieldHumboldt2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program48183
  
Will California's sea mussels be able to adapt to rising temperatures concomitant with climate change?
LoganCherylFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
California’s rocky shoreline attracts millions of visitors each year for recreation, education and collection of flora and fauna for food and decoration. Rocky intertidal communities are particularly sensitive to the potential effects of climate change because they already exist at the extreme edge of both the marine and terrestrial environment. Predicting climate change effects on this ecosystem requires examination of the effects on key ecological species within it. California sea mussels are the functional equivalent of corals to California’s rocky intertidal ecosystems, providing structural habitat for hundreds of intertidal species. California sea mussels also represent a small recreational fishery. Like plants, these sessile marine invertebrates rely on physiological mechanisms to cope with changes in their environment; they cannot move away as adults. Natural periods of heat stress already induce California sea mussel mortality. Given the 1-4°C increase in temperature projected by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change over the next 100 years, it is unclear how the California sea mussels will cope. Based on the species' natural history, mussels may have little ability to genetically adapt to warmer temperatures. In collaboration with co-PI Dr. Stephen Palumbi (Stanford University), I am developing an NSF full proposal to answer the following question: To what capacity will California sea mussels be able to adapt and/or acclimatize to rising temperatures concomitant with climate change?
Monterey Bay2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program2376
  
Sublethal consequences of pollution on chemically-mediated interactions between consumers and their prey
LongJeremyFernerMattFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
Chemical pollution represents an important stressor to modern marine communities. Unfortunately, most studies have failed to address the consequences of pollution in an ecologically meaningful way. This problem largely exists because the two relevant fields, toxicology and marine community ecology, have proceeded independently. Thus, while pollutants have well-described negative impacts on individual organisms, their influence on species interactions and community structure is unknown for marine systems. The paucity of studies examining the ecological consequences of chemical pollutants on marine systems is surprising given that species interactions strongly control marine communities. Scientists and natural resource managers must develop a better understanding of the ecological role of pollutants if we hope to predict and mitigate their consequences. This will be particularly important for coastal management strategies for living shorelines that depend upon healthy ecological interactions and community structure. We propose to examine the influence of pollutants on chemically-mediated interactions between consumers and prey (e.g. herbivores and plants, predators and prey). We will conduct two major types of experiments that examine consumer and prey behavior in contaminated and uncontaminated situations. In flume experiments, we will compare consumer and prey responses to each other when separated by distances of 10s of centimeters in contaminated and uncontaminated treatments under realistic flow. Flume experiments will be complimented by mesocosm feeding preference experiments that examine behavior when consumers and prey are in closer proximity. Experiments will focus on two, two-species interactions in California: Pachygrapsus crab–prey interactions in estuaries and Chlorostoma snail-Silvetia seaweed interactions on rocky shores.
San DiegoSan Francisco2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program21132421
  
Why mommies matter: Elucidating the mechanisms that produce brood-specific responses to ocean acidification in porcelain crabs
StillmanJonathonTsukimuraBrianFaculty Research Incentive Program2012-13
The effects of ocean acidification (OA) on the metabolic physiology porcelain crab embryos and larvae have been shown by two former Stillman MS students (Lina Ceballos and Hayley Carter) to depend on the brood from which the individuals were taken. We propose that aspect of the crabs’ reproductive physiology and/or experience of the parents during the time of gametogenesis may play a role in modifying the sensitivity of offspring to OA, and perhaps other aspects of environmental change. Because most (but probably not all) parental effects are due to maternal provisioning of yolk, mRNAs, and other aspects of the egg. However, the modification of the genome through epigenetic regulation is also a potential site of regulation, and could be from either parent. Epigenetic modification (e.g., DNA methylation, histone acetylation) could happen in response to environmental exposure of the parents. In this project we will develop a NSF proposal that includes a series of experiments to determine how and why broods vary in their response to ocean acidification. These experiments will involve exposing parental crabs to environmental variation, mating them in controlled conditions, and studying performance in response to OA of the embryos. We will measure aspects of reproductive hormone levels, and gene expression of the embryos. The research team includes PI Stillman, who has a core research program studying the environmental physiology of porcelain crabs including their response to OA and temperature at the organismal, biochemical and genomic level, and Co-PI Tsukimura who is an expert in crustacean reproductive physiology.
San FranciscoFresno2012-13 Faculty Research Incentive Program1541676
collapse Year And Program : 2012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program ‎(6)
  
Benthic mapping of Ventura County estuaries: a collaboration between CSUMB’s Seafloor Mapping Laboratory and CSUCI’s Pacific Institute for Restoration Ecology
AndersonSeanKvitekRikkCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2012-13
Channel IslandsMonterey Bay$10,0002012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program4325
  
Multiscale geomorphic controls over littoral communities in California
GarzaCoreyAielloIvanoCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2012-13
Monterey BaySan José$9,5002012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program10552
  
Protein expression profiles in Watersipora spp. and selected microbial associates in response to copper stress
LauerAntjeCraigSeanTomanekLarsCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2012-13
BakersfieldHumboldtSan Luis Obispo$10,0002012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program48183195
  
Creating a spatially explicit risk assessment of fisheries bycatch for coastal marine mammals
LewisonRebeccaHinesEllenCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2012-13
San DiegoSan Francisco$10,0002012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program13661827
  
Effect of heavy metals pollution on subsurface sediment bacteria communities in San Francisco Bay
MolloyStephanieCoaleKennethCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2012-13
East BaySan José$10,0002012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program199520
  
Quantifying shoreline geomorphology and coastal erosion during ENSO and inter-ENSO periods along Morro Bay sandspit, CA, using a vessel-based LiDAR system
RichaudMathieuKvitekRikkCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2012-13
FresnoMonterey Bay$10,0002012-13 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program214325
collapse Year And Program : 2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(8)
  
The evolution of novel morphologies in fishes: the basal and most diverse group of vertebrates
Crow-SanchezKarenFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
San Francisco2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program198
  
RUI: ARTS: Biodiversity of herbivorous sea slugs: how algal diversity and photosynthetic ability affect rates of speciation and endemism
KrugPatrickValdesAngelFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
Los AngelesPomona2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program206190
  
Creating a spatially explicit risk assessment of fisheries bycatch: a comparative approach
LewisonRebeccaEllen HinesFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
San DiegoSan Francisco2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program13661827
  
Hydrologic prediction uncertainty analysis to control sedimentation of the Morro Bay Estuary
MuletaMisganaFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
San Luis Obispo2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program2307
  
Alternative market channels for key California fisheries in a landings constrained environment
PitchonAnaHackettStevenFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
Dominguez HillsHumboldt2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program15193
  
Using COAST research to promote ocean science foundation through integreated video podcasting, research data-driven excercises and social media: curriculum development across the CSU system
ReedDonald Faculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
San José2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program2321
  
Analysis of cyanobacteria presence and toxicity in freshwater environments in the Monterey Bay
SreenivasanAparnaFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
Monterey Bay2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program179
  
A global perspective on thermal tolerance limits: transcriptomic and proteomic signals of heat stress in intertidal limpets
TodghamAnneTomanekLarsFaculty Research Incentive Program2011-12
San FranciscoSan Luis Obispo2011-12 Faculty Research Incentive Program2121195
collapse Year And Program : 2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(7)
  
Porous materials for carbon dioxide capture and prevention of ocean acidification
BuXianhuiFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
Long Beach2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program2069
  
Understanding the effects of low tide exposure on intertidal kelps: geographic and species comparisons
BurnafordJenniferNielsenKarinaFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
FullertonSonoma2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program2049123
  
Ecology of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in the United States Pacific islands and coastal regions
MolloyStephanieLiuLuboFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
East BayFresno2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program19952073
  
Supporting primary priorities for the development of management options for genus Eriocheir (mitten crabs)
RawatMamtaFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
Fresno2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program2071
  
The role of low molecular weight thiols in Cyanobacteria
TsukimuraBrianFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
Fresno2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program1676
  
Development of an autonomous underwater vehicle-based mobile marine life monitoring system (MMLMS)
ClarkChrisMolineMarkLoweChrisFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
San Luis ObispoSan Luis ObispoLong Beach2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program145096106
  
Ocean acidification and the public: communicating research through art and science projects
HerskoJuditFabryVickiKamerKristaFaculty Research Incentive Program2010-11
San MarcosSan MarcosSan Francisco2010-11 Faculty Research Incentive Program2072207541
collapse Year And Program : 2010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program ‎(8)
  
Monitoring a channel depth using the Cal Poly autonomous underwater vehicle and integrated equipment
GarfieldNewellMolineMarkCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
San FranciscoSan Luis Obispo$5,3002010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program2196
  
Iron uptake and storage in marine algae and cohabitating bacteria
CarranoCarlMasonAndrewCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
San DiegoLong Beach$6,5002010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program15022
  
Protein and gene expression in thermally stressed intertidal limpets: a mechanistic primer to predict the effect of climate change on marine organisms
TodghamAnneTomanekLarsCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
San FranciscoSan Luis Obispo$8,2002010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program2121195
  
Collaborative sharing of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry resources at Sacramento State for studies elucidating the biochemical pathway to domoic acid
SmithG. JasonSavageThomasCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
San JoséSacramento$2,7772010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program69189
  
Proteomic responses of rocky intertidal organisms to thermal stress: predicting changes in community structure and ecosystem function in response to a warming climate
AllenBengtTomanekLarsCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
Long BeachSan Luis Obispo$5,0002010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program145195
  
Utilizing the CSUMB acoustic habitat mapping assets to delineate the shallow-water rhodolith beds at Catalina Island, California
StellerDianaKvitekRikkCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
San JoséMonterey Bay$5,0002010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program6325
  
Microsatellite analysis of globally invasive bryozoans (Watersipora spp.) introduced to California
CraigSeanMackieJoshuaCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
HumboldtSan José$4,8002010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program183190
  
Do California grunion, Leuresthes tenuis, return to their natal beach to spawn?
ZacherlDanielleMasonAndrewCollaborative Resource Sharing Program2010-11
FullertonLong Beach$6,0802010-11 Collaborative Resource Sharing Program170122
collapse Year And Program : 2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(7)
  
High resolution fault kinetics, California continental borderland
SimilaGeraldFrancisDanielFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
NorthridgeLong Beach2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program184186
  
Development of an integrated seaweed-abalone aquaculture system for sustainable resource use and bioremediation
GrahamMichaelEdwardsMatthewFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
San JoséSan Diego2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program55187
  
Interdisciplinary student research along the California and Mexico coasts
MonsmaBradPurcellAlisonRodriguezDonaldLewisCoreyFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
Channel IslandsHumboldtChannel IslandsHumboldt2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program1651183818391844
  
Transcriptome and proteome fingerprints of the potential for synergistic effects of ocean acidification and thermal stress along the California coast
StillmanJonathanTomanekLarsFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
San FranciscoSan Luis Obispo2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program154195
  
SEAWaRD: Stewardship, Education, and Advocacy through Wetlands Research Data
RossDonnaHentschelBrianGrantMariaFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
San DiegoSan DiegoFullerton2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program192191194
  
Transitioning to high value, low volume fisheries in California
HackettStevenPitchonAnaFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
HumboldtDominguez Hills2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program93151
  
Predicting the effects of sea level rise on biological communities and carbon flow in coastal salt marshes
DillonJesseWhitcraftChristineKomadaTomokoFaculty Research Incentive Program2009-10
Long BeachLong BeachSan Francisco2009-10 Faculty Research Incentive Program159102166
collapse Year And Program : 2008-09 Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(4)
  
Multiscale geomorphologic controls over littoral communities in California
AielloIvanoGarzaCoreyRoblesCarlosFaculty Research Incentive Program2008-09
San JoséMonterey BayLos Angeles2008-09 Faculty Research Incentive Program52105181
  
Development of a statewide evaluation of the sustainability of seafood options available to consumers
AndersonSeanAloisioSimone GillespieBlakeFaculty Research Incentive Program2008-09
Channel IslandsChannel IslandsChannel Islands2008-09 Faculty Research Incentive Program43149173
  
Assessing spiny lobster movement behavior: implications for California’s Marine Life Protection Act
HovelKevinLoweChrisFaculty Research Incentive Program2008-09
San DiegoLong Beach2008-09 Faculty Research Incentive Program139106
  
Developing indices for primary production and harmful algal bloom potential from coastal ocean observing systems data network
McPhee-ShawErikaNielsenKarinaGoldthwaitSarahFaculty Research Incentive Program2008-09
Moss Landing/San JoseSonomaHumboldt2008-09 Faculty Research Incentive Program5712398
collapse Year And Program : Faculty Research Incentive Program ‎(3)
  
Chemical warfare in the ocean: how Tritonia diomedea preys upon the toxic soft coral Ptilosarcus gurneyi
MurrayJamesAmagataTaroSommerhalterMonikaFaculty Research Incentive Program
East BaySan FranciscoEast Bay Faculty Research Incentive Program183218401837
  
Evolution and Invasion: speciation, ecological differentiation and microbial symbiosis in the exotic bryozoans Bugula neritina and Watersipora subtorquata in California
LauerAntjeCraigSean MackieJoshuaFaculty Research Incentive Program
BakersfieldHumboldtSan José Faculty Research Incentive Program48183190
  
Molecular regulation of domoic acid biosynthesis in Pseudo-nitzschia spp.
SavageThomasSmithG. JasonFaculty Research Incentive Program
Sacramento Faculty Research Incentive Program18969